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Technologischer Fortschritt zu Ihrem Nutzen

Geschrieben von Graciella Ganadhi, Content Writer Project Child Indonesien, Übersetzt von Lia Sophie Wilmes, Content Writer Praktikantin Project Child Indonesien

Im 17. Jahrhundert war es für die Menschen noch unvorstellbar, Lampen zu nutzen, da es schlichtweg noch keine Elektrizität gab. Die Menschen lebten ihren Alltag ohne die Sorge, dass der Strom abgeschaltet wird. Heutzutage ist es für uns unvorstellbar, keinen Strom zu haben. Alles, was wir tun und benutzen, ist mit Elektrizität verbunden. Unser Leben kommt zum Stillstand, wenn der Strom ausfällt.

Im späten 17. Jahrhundert erfand Alexander Graham Bell das Telefon, und Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts erfand Eric Tigerstedt ein Telefon im Taschenformat. Heute, hundert Jahre später, nachdem das erste tragbare Telefon erfunden wurde, sind unsere Smartphones intelligenter denn je. Die Erfindung des Internets im späten 20. Jahrhundert trug dazu bei, die Qualität unserer heutigen Mobiltelefone zu verbessern. Es ist für uns kaum vorstellbar, wie es früher war, als man nicht mal eben etwas googeln konnte.

Die Erfindung des Mobiltelefons und des Internets haben eine sich schnell entwickelnde Gesellschaft geschaffen. Informationen können heutzutage weltweit in weniger als einer halben Sekunde ausgetauscht werden. Dies erweist sich als großer Vorteil für unsere Generation. Menschen aus verschiedenen Ländern und von unterschiedlichen Kontinenten haben durch das Internet die Möglichkeit, problemlos in Echtzeit zu kommunizieren und ihre Meinungen auszutauschen.

Da aufgrund der COVID 19-Pandemie beinahe die gesamte Kommunikation online stattfindet, erweist sich die Fernkommunikation als wichtiger denn je. Die Pandemie hat auch all die technologischen Entwicklungen in einem solchen Ausmaß beschleunigt, das vorher als unmöglich galt. Besonders für die älteren Generationen kann die Umstellung auf Online-Kommunikation allerdings eine große Herausforderung darstellen. Allerdings ist der Wandel unvermeidlich, und jeder sollte sich früher oder später anpassen.

Um uns innerhalb unserer Gesellschaft miteinander verbunden zu fühlen, haben uns all die technologischen Fortschritte bereits sehr geholfen. Nun liegt an uns, etwas daraus zu machen. Man kann sich nicht länger hinter der Ausrede verstecken “Ich verstehe die Technologie von heute nicht, ich gebe lieber auf”. Diejenigen, die noch nicht bereit dazu sind, sich anzupassen, werden zurückbleiben. Nur, wenn wir uns anpassen, können wir von den vielen wirtschaftlichen Vorteilen profitieren, die der technologische Fortschritt mit sich bringt. Sind auch Sie bereit, die Technologie zu Ihrem Vorteil zu nutzen?

Technological Advances for Your Benefit

Written by Graciella Stephanie Ganadhi, Content Writer Project Child Indonesia

Today we celebrate World Telecommunication Society Day. It’s all about how technology has helped in our daily communication. In the 1800s, it was unimaginable for people to even have the idea of using lamps. Simply because electricity was not yet found. People live their everyday life without worry that their activities will be halted because the electricity has been cut. After all, they don’t even have one. Nowadays, it is unimaginable for us to not have electricity. Everything we do and use is connected to electricity. Our lives will come to a stop if there is any electricity cut.

In the late 1800s, Alexander Graham Bell founded telephone, and later in the early 1900s, Eric Tigerstedt founded a pocket-size folding phone. Now, a hundred years later, after the first portable phone is invented, our phones are smarter than ever. The invention of the internet in the late 1900s helps enhance the quality of our mobile phones nowadays. As a generation of internet users, it must be difficult for us to comprehend the idea of not being able to google something.

The invention of mobile phones and the internet have created a fast-paced society. Information sharing can be done across the globe in less than half of a second. This proves to be an advantage for our generation. People from different countries and continents can easily communicate and exchange their opinions through the internet.

With everything turned into an online form due to the COVID 19 pandemic, remote communications prove to be more important than ever. This pandemic has also sped technological reformation to the extent that was thought to be impossible before. The change into everything online also has its own challenges for the older generation. Sadly, the change is inevitable, and everyone has to learn to adapt sooner or later.

As a community, technological advances have helped us connect with each other. It is up to us to make and create something out of it. We cannot hide behind the protective shield of ‘I can’t understand technology and communication nowadays, so I might just as well give up’ forever. Those who are unwilling to adapt will be left behind. If, as an individual, we can adapt, these technological advances have proven to bring about many economic advantages as well. So, are you willing to utilize the technology for your benefit?

HARDIKNAS: Saatnya Melawan Diri

Ditulis oleh Graciella Stephanie Ganadhi, Penulis Konten Project Child Indonesia

Pada 3 Juli 1922, tiga tahun setelah kembali ke tanah air dari pengasingannya di Belanda, Ki Hajar Dewantara mendirikan “National Onderwijs Institut Tamansiswa” (Sekolah Taman Siswa) di Yogyakarta. Sekolah ini merupakan sumbangsihnya terhadap pendidikan muda-mudi tanah air yang kala itu dibatasi oleh pemerintah Hindia Belanda untuk menuntut ilmu. Kala itu, orang yang berhak bersekolah hanyalah kalangan ningrat, orang peranakan, dan anak priyayi. Filosofinya yang paling dikenang dan dihidupi hingga sekarang adalah “Patrap Triloka” yang berbunyi: “Ing ngarsa sung tuladha, ing madya mangun karsa, tut wuri handayani (Di depan memberi contoh, di tengah memberi semangat, di belakang memberi dorongan).” Menurutnya, semua orang, terlepas dari latar belakang dan kemampuan ekonominya, berhak untuk mengenyam pendidikan yang dapat berperan dalam perbaikan hidupnya.

Setiap tahunnya, tanggal 2 Mei selalu diperingati sebagai Hari Pendidikan Nasional yang bertepatan dengan hari kelahiran Ki Hajar Dewantara. Sebagai muda-mudi Indonesia di jaman sekarang, semangat kita seharusnya sepadan dengan semangat yang dimiliki Ki Hajar Dewantara. Bapak Pendidikan kita di masa mudanya telah berjuang melawan pemerintah Hindia Belanda demi mewujudkan kesetaraan pendidikan bagi seluruh rakyat. Pada jaman sekarang, yang merupakan lawan kita mungkin bukan pemerintah Hindia Belanda, melainkan kemalasan kita sendiri yang dengan mudah bisa kita lawan. Sebelum adanya keputusan untuk pembelajaran daring, banyak dari kita yang acapkali mengeluh dan menyuarakan keinginan untuk belajar dari rumah karena kita sudah terlalu bergantung pada internet untuk segala kebutuhan kita. Namun, nyatanya, setelah diputuskan untuk melaksanakan pembelajaran melalui daring, banyak dari kita yang protes karena kesulitan. Memang, seperti yang dirasakan oleh Ki Hajar Dewantara, perubahan itu pasti menyulitkan, apalagi dengan banyaknya dari kita yang mungkin masih kurang paham tentang penggunaan pembelajaran daring. Tetapi, janganlah biarkan penghalang kecil bernama keengganan belajar dan kemalasan ini menghalangi langkah kita untuk menuntut ilmu. Jangan sia-siakan perjuangan Ki Hajar Dewantara yang berjuang untuk kesetaraan pendidikan kita semua. Ujian kita lebih mudah, jadi marilah kita sebagai muda-mudi Indonesia terus berjuang mengalahkan ego kita sendiri demi masa depan kita yang lebih cerah!

Referensi:

  • https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sekolah_Taman_Siswa
  • https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ki_Hadjar_Dewantara
  • https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hari_Pendidikan_Nasional

On Three Dimensions of Literacy

by Muhammad Nur Alam Tejo, Research Intern PCI 2018


Technology plays a significant role in the society. One of its impacts includes the changing use of media from the printed ones to digital. Despite this shift, we need to act and react as wisely as we could. Therefore, meticulousness in perceiving the concept of literacy will help us understand the challenges within.

Todays, literacy has complicated conceptual problems. Even some researchers has preferred the term “literacies” to “literacy” (such as: Street, 1995; Hamilton, Barton, Ivanic, 1994) as it is assumed to be more apposite for social, cultural, and ideological matters which ‘we perceive, act, and read culturally’ (Street, 2001: 11). Diverse perspectives on literacy lead us to more complex social problems since they involve various layers of people. This is one of the literacy challenges related to social situation in the society.

Prior to digital era, the concept of “literacy” merely referred to the ability to understand information through reading and writing. Meanwhile, now it has been extended into the ability to write, read, and comprehend information through digital media, such as videos, voice records, graphs, and audiovisual. In fact, the impacts should be taken into account since digital literacy could contribute to people’s paradigm shift philosophically, sociologically, pedagogically, and culturally. This literacy is always closely related to people’s cultural and social contexts.

Three kinds of literacy dimensions proposed by Green (1988), the operational, cultural, and critical, define how literacy runs practically in the society. Due to the lack of attention on those dimensions, our pedagogical system too much focuses only on the operational one.  On the other hand, the cultural and critical dimensions seems to be left behind. It is proven by Indonesia’s low literacy rate in showing that we were in the 60th out of 61 surveyed countries, according to the result of PISA (Program for International Students Assessment) 2015. Should we implement the concept of those dimensions, we could foreshadow the challenges.  

The operational dimension is the basic one from literacy concept. It emphasizes on the ability to understand technical activities, including reading, writing, and comprehending information. In digital literacy context, it refers to the practical skills to understand how to operate digital media and fully make use of its features. The problems would be related to technical matters, for instance coding skill, graphic design, and statistical analysis.

The cultural dimension aims to upgrade one’s comprehension of cultural and social aspects in digital literacy into a specific context. It is important to apprehend cultural symbols and rituals for meaning making so that the values of literacy will still suit one’s cultural context. It might not be the primary discussion in the overview of our educational system even though it is substantial in shaping the base of human knowledge. It works in a non-materialistic matter which means cultural values and characters also play a role in meaning shaping on one’s knowledge.

On the other side, the critical dimension highlights one’s critical skill on texts and artifacts into issues like social agents and power, social representation, and other instruments. In digital literacy, this dimension consists of collective knowledge of each human. It defines the steps to be taken by human according to the analysis on the real problems.

It is important for us not only to reflect an educational system which accommodates digital literacy but also consider the dimensions on literacy concept. The objective is real simple which is to construct our people’s values, characters, and critical skill. We hope that all the hustle and bustle in digital space will not be a pain in the ass in the society. Digital literacy education that could beautifully combine the operational, cultural, and critical dimensions is expected to be the cure to any negative outcomes. Hence, Indonesians could enjoy the benefits of technology, not only the drawbacks.


References:

  • Green, B. (1988). Subject-specific literacy and school learning: A focus on writing. Australian Journal of Education. 32 (2)
  • Street, B. (2001). Literacy and Development: Ethnographic Perspectives. London: Routledge.