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Safety and Health at Workplace: No. 1 Priority

Written by Graciella Stephanie Ganadhi, Content Writer Project Child Indonesia

Working from home has been a privilege that not everyone can have. Healthcare workers, government officials, and those whose work are providing services for the general public cannot enjoy such luxury. Healthcare workers have to work to provide quality treatment for those who are sick, especially in this current pandemic. Government officials have to work to ensure quality service in every aspect of its citizens’ life and make sure that the economy is not collapsing. Even several social workers cannot work from home because there are so many people who do not even have homes and cannot care for themselves. 

This year’s World Day for Safety and Health at Work is more important than ever. Not only at hospitals, governmental buildings and various public places are at risk of infection spread. Police officers are not having less risk than healthcare workers. Sellers in the marker are not having less risk than government officials. This pandemic threatens us all, regardless of our workplace.

Awareness of safety and health at work demands to be increased as the pandemic becomes more and more life-threatening. As the government, we need to ensure the safety and health of our officials when they come to the workplace. As employers, we need to ensure the safety and health of our employees. Precaution and understanding the same ground rules need to be stated to everyone who works out of the house. If you have to go to work and you feel sick or you feel like you have symptoms of any sickness, please call in sick from work. It is better to be safe than risking infecting others at your workplace. If you own the workplace and you have employees coming in to work, some precaution might be needed. Checking everyone’s temperature and making sure everything is sterile and sanitized can be one of the ways you can prevent the spread of infection in your workplace. Educating your employees on how to stay safe, clean, and healthy is also highly needed. If you have provided all the necessary precaution, but failed to educate your employees of the importance of the precaution’s reinforcement, then the precaution will fail to be effective.

Going to work during this trying time might be difficult. If you have the privilege to stay at home, please do. If you have to go to work, please make sure to stay safe, healthy, and follow all the health instructions. As a part of a society, we can help to put an end to this outbreak. No matter how small and insignificant your contribution to the world right now, if there is something you can do to cut the pandemic chain, please do. Remember to always stay safe and healthy!

References:

  • https://www.un.org/en/observances/work-safety-day

Jangan-Jangan Aku Kena COVID-19?

Ditulis oleh Graciella Stephanie Ganadhi, Content Writer Project Child Indonesia

Akhir-akhir ini apa kalian pernah merasa parno tiba-tiba tenggorokan mulai sakit, agak demam, terus dada juga mulai sesak sehabis kalian nonton berita tentang COVID-19? Lalu kalian jadi bertanya-tanya, jangan-jangan aku kena COVID-19? Hm, kemungkinannya sih sebenernya kecil banget, hampir ngga mungkin malah. Kalo kalian habis jalan-jalan ke luar negeri atau ketemu sama penderita COVID-19 sih, mungkin aja kalian kena COVID-19, tapi kalo kalian udah social distancing dan tiba-tiba kalian merasa sakit, mungkin aja itu cuma gejala psikosomatik dari otak kalian, guys!

Jadi, otak kita ini punya bagian yang namanya amigdala. Nah, amigdala ini apa sih? Basically, amigdala itu punya fungsi macam-macam, guys. Salah satunya adalah mengatur rasa takutmu. Nonton berita dalam jangka waktu yang cukup lama, terutama berita yang bikin takut kaya berita COVID-19 akhir-akhir ini bikin otak kalian, terutama sistem saraf otonom, terus-terusan berada di posisi fight atau flight sehingga kalian jadi stres. Stres kalian inilah yang menyebabkan ketidakseimbangan antara sistem saraf simpatetik dan parasimpatetik sehingga muncul reaksi psikosomatik yang mirip gejala COVID-19.

Stres berlebih itu sebenarnya merugikan, lho. Sebuah penelitian oleh André Bovis dan André Simoneton di 1949 menunjukkan bahwa stres dapat menyebabkan penurunan frekuensi tubuh. Jadi, semua benda di alam semesta ini bergetar dan memiliki frekuensi, mulai dari sel sampai atom. Orang yang sehat seharusnya punya frekuensi antara 7000 hingga 8000 uB (unit Bovis). Kalo seseorang punya frekuensi yang kurang dari 1000 uB, artinya orang tersebut sudah mendekati kematian. Orang yang sakit parah bakal punya frekuensi antara 2000 hingga 3000 uB, sedangkan orang yang sakit dan stres bakal punya frekuensi dibawah 5000 uB. Nah, ketakutan atau kecemasan berlebih dapat menyebabkan turunnya frekuensi tubuh menjadi dibawah 5000 uB dan ini bisa jadi bahaya untuk kita. Studi menunjukkan virus juga punya frekuensi sekitar 5000 uB. Artinya, jika frekuensi tubuh kalian berada dibawah 5000 uB seperti saat kalian stres, virus akan mengira bahwa tubuh kalian adalah “rumah” karena frekuensi yang mirip. Jadi ketika kalian stres, virus bakalan lebih mudah masuk dan bikin kalian sakit.

Sebaiknya, jangan khawatir dan stres berlebihan tentang berita, guys. “Sadar bukan cemas, siap bukan panik” harusnya jadi moto kalian dalam menghadapi situasi sekarang ini. Tetep nonton berita, yah! Tapi gausah dibawa stres. Saat kaya gini penting untuk melek berita, tapi juga kesehatan harus tetap jadi nomor satu. Tonton berita secukupnya, kalo perlu, jam nonton berita itu udah kalian jadwal. Jangan seharian mantengin berita. Habis nonton berita, kalian bisa ngegame atau olahraga ringan atau meditasi buat meredakan stres juga bisa banget, lho. Yuk, batasi nonton berita yang bikin stres dan tetap mengutamakan kesehatan ya!

Referensi:

  • http://www.lamartinablanca.com/Unidades_Bovis.html
  • https://whitemagicway.com/bovisbiometer.html
  • https://www.cnnindonesia.com/gaya-hidup/20200323131032-255-486024/cegah-corona-jadi-jadian-akibat-stres-dan-cemas-berlebih
  • https://twitter.com/mbahndi/status/1241556884261224449?s=08

Did I Finally Catch COVID-19?

Written by Graciella Stephanie Ganadhi, Content Writer Project Child Indonesia

Do you feel like you have a sore throat or increasing fever after watching or reading the news regarding COVID-19? Or your skin is suddenly itchy and your chest feels tight? You might worry that you finally have caught the disease, right? Well, no worries, fellas. Worst case scenario is yes, you might have the disease because you have come into contact with someone that has the virus or you just recently came back from travelling overseas. However, the chance of that happening is very, very, very small or none at all. There is a bigger chance that you might suffer from the psychosomatic side-effect of watching too much news.

Your brain has a part called amygdala. It is the part which controls your memory and also your fears. Due to the constant stream of worrisome news, your amygdala reacted strongly to it. Your amygdala causes the autonomous neuron system to be in constant fight or flight mechanism that causes you to stress. The imbalance between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system then causes you to have the psychosomatic reaction which is the sudden fatigue, dry cough, sore throat, etc. that is similar to the symptoms of COVID-19.

Stress can cause you so much more harm than you might think. In a research done by André Bovis and André Simoneton in 1949, stress can cause a decrease in your body’s frequency. Everything in this universe is vibrating and has frequency, from cells to atoms. A healthy human being should have a frequency between 7000 to 8000 uB (unit Bovis). If someone has 1000 uB or less, that means the person is nearing death. A seriously ill person will have about 2000 to 3000 uB, while a moderately sick or stressed person will have under 5000 uB. Fear or worry can cause your body’s frequency to drop and if you become stressed, your frequency will be under 5000 uB. Now, why is this dangerous? As study shows, viruses have the frequency at around 5000 uB as well. This means, if your body’s frequency is also around 5000 uB, viruses might see your body as potential “home” because of the similar frequency. Thus, you will be more prone to sickness due to viruses.

So, don’t worry and stress too much about the news. “Aware not anxious, prepare not panic” should be your motto in facing this fearsome situation. Be aware of the news, but not too aware that it causes you stress. Be prepared, but don’t panic and buy everything or hoard things that others might need more than you do. Watch the news moderately. Don’t watch too much, but also don’t stop caring about the news as well. Stay in the loop, stay informed, but take time to enjoy yourself. Do things that make you happy. Watch the news for an hour then play games for another hour. Watch the news for an hour and  then do light exercise or meditation for the next hour. Portion your news-watching time in a day, it will help with the stress. Remember to stay healthy and stress-free, folks!

References:

  • http://www.lamartinablanca.com/Unidades_Bovis.html
  • https://whitemagicway.com/bovisbiometer.html
  • https://www.cnnindonesia.com/gaya-hidup/20200323131032-255-486024/cegah-corona-jadi-jadian-akibat-stres-dan-cemas-berlebih
  • https://twitter.com/mbahndi/status/1241556884261224449?s=08

Better Drinking Water Access for Children’s Better Future

Human needs clean water to live. Polluted water is not only dirty and not suitable for consumption, but can also be harmful and even cause death. To improve the quality of life of the community and fulfill the basic rights of all the people, provision of guaranteed access to drinking water needs to be seriously considered as one of the national development priorities. Limited access to water can rob children of education and economic opportunities and prevent them from getting out of poverty. Due to distant access of water from home, children in remote areas often get the task to obtain water for their families too. This responsibility will take up their time which should be used for learning and playing. Safe and accessible water access will give them extra time so they can play like children in general and use the time to study for their future.

Infrastructure development is one of priorities in President Joko Widodo’s administration. Mr. President emphasized on various occasions how important infrastructure is for the progress of a nation, including as a basic foundation in economic growth and increasing the independence of a country. This also applies to the construction and development of drinking water infrastructure or commonly referred to as the Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum (Drinking Water Supply System) or SPAM.

Another challenge beside the lack of SPAM providers in rural areas is that the infrastructure used to distribute water in Indonesia is usually outdated, poorly maintained and prone to leakage. If the distribution system is damaged, water could be contaminated with waterborne disease organisms. The rapid rate of population growth also resulted in a gap between population and service coverage. Lack of local experts is often a barrier to creating more modern water treatment distribution system as well, which requires trained personnel for operations and maintenance.

Based on the performance appraisal conducted by the Agency for the Improvement of the Implementation of Drinking Water Supply Systems (BPPSPAM) towards 371 Regional Drinking Water Companies (PDAM) in 2016, they found that the number of PDAM in healthy condition was 198 (53%), 108 in unwell condition (29%), and 65 ailing (18% ) This condition is different from 2015, where 368 PDAMs were assessed and resulted in 196 (53%) PDAM in healthy condition, 100 unwell (27%), and 72 (20%) ailing. Whereas in 2014, of the 359 PDAM assessed, 182 (51%) were in healthy condition, 103 unwell (29%), and 74 (21%) ailing (BAPPENAS 2017). It can be concluded that from 2014 to 2016, the number of healthy PDAM increased only slightly, the number of unwell PDAM increased and the number of ailing PDAM decreased slightly. Another challenge for SPAM in Indonesia is that there are still many improvements needed from the government to maintain SPAM.

In accordance with Law No. 23 Year 2014 concerning Regional Government, drinking water supply is one of the main responsibility of regional government in regards of providing basic compulsory services. Along with the government development program, the funding aspect for the development of SPAM must also be the commitment and concern of the regional government. Nevertheless with limited local government funding and other development priorities, the central government also supports the development of SPAM in local regions through APBN, hence the SPAM infrastructure development gets joint funding from the regional government and the central government.

In addition to the APBN and APBD, the government also opens opportunities for business entities to support the development of SPAM through the mechanism of Public Private Partnership (PPP) listed in Government Regulation No. 122 Year 2015 concerning Drinking Water Supply Systems. The advantages of the PPP scheme include providing other financing alternatives due to limited government funding, more efficiency, getting new technology used by the private sector, and accelerating the increase of coverage and quality of public services. PPP scheme is expected to optimize investment costs, especially in urban areas where population growth is increasing rapidly. The ability of people in cities to pay which tends to be bigger is a strong reason for investors to invest, but what about people in remote areas who cannot afford it? The lack of conducive business climate has caused the private sector to be reluctant to develop SPAM in rural areas. As a result, the piping network and drinking water supply for the rural poor have received little attention from the government or the private sector.

One of the efforts to develop SPAM in Indonesia can be started from schools by providing drinking water installations to build habits and increase awareness to children, teachers, parents, and people around the school environment. The water filter system guarantees the cleanliness of water so it minimizes potential disease due to contaminated water. Children will also be able to set aside a portion of their pocket money to buy other necessities other than drinking water. This system is also easy to learn so that anyone can operate and maintain it. Application of Drinking Water Programs in schools can offer drinking water supply options to assist the government in both urban and remote areas, especially for children. With a good and affordable drinking water supply system, children will have the opportunity to develop their potential because they have more time to learn and play, so the hope of having a brighter future is greater as well.

Investment in Health and Nutrients is Investment in Education

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“Education is an important instrument of peace and development.”

Education has always been the key role in the development of human race and civilization, through the refinement of collective ideas that is learned and relearned through education. Advancement of economic and social progress has always been ascribed to the abundant stock of knowledge that nations have. To ensure that progress is kept going, education is important to be developed and improved.

The first Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) Conference of Education Ministers that was attended by education ministers from the member states of Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) reiterated the importance of education. Dr. Abdulaziz Othman Altwajiri on his opening address of ISESCO Conference of Education Ministers on 27 October 2016 in Tunis, Tunisia stressed that education is an important instrument of peace and development. ISESCO is just one of the organization that stresses the urgency of developing and improving education.

Off the many strategies to develop education, there is one way that might not cross our minds before, which is quality meals for children at school age. Children, being at their critical age of their growth need quality meals that packed off with good nutrients so that their growth will not be hindered. Especially with the robust activities that children are involved, through play or learn, high quality meals are urgent.

In Indonesia, children are rather prone to double burden nutrients problem, nutrient deprived or nutrient excess. Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) conducted in 2010 found that among 6-12 years old children, 4.6% are categorized very thin, 7.6% thin, 78.6% normal, and 9.2% overweight. Stunting growth are also found in children, with 15.1% are categorized as very short while 20% are short. These statistics should be worrying as not just the health of Indonesian children are concerned, but also concerning their education.

Investment in quality meals is an investment in education for schoolchildren. Because if children are not healthy and deprived of good nutrients, then schools cannot function efficiently as a place of learning. Children need quality meals with good nutrients in order to develop well and perform better in learning. Problems with health and good nutrients can hinder learning process.

World Food Programme (WFP) acknowledged the importance of quality meals for children, and linked it with the improvement of education. WFP proposed the program of school feeding, where in schools children are provided with quality meals. WFP listed at least five Power of School feeding. School feeding will improve the nutrients for children that will be helpful for their health, learning, and morbidity. School feeding will also keep children in schools, and also help those who are vulnerable to leaving schools such as girls and children with disabilities. School feeding also acts as a value transfer of healthy lifestyle and diet. School feeding can be a platform for wider socio-economic benefits.

Thus investment in health and nutrients in schools is urgent in Indonesia. Several steps have been taken but needed to reinvigorated, steps that can be taken not just by governments, but by schools, non governmental organization, parents, or anyone. School feeding as World Food Programme has done and campaigned for is one of the steps. Another step is Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah program that was made in collaboration by four ministries in Indonesia.

First step for providing quality foods to schoolchildren is to provide them with quality drinking water and proper sanitation in school. Project Child has created a participatory project and has installed drinking water filters at 24 schools around Yogyakarta to make safe and affordable drinking water available for over 3000 primary school students. Half of these schools are located in the region of Pacitan, a small Town near the coast of Jawa. These schools even have to deal with harder conditions because the drinking water is often contaminated and the structures for a reliable water access are not available. The first step Project Child took after they came up with the idea for the DWP (Drinking Water Program) was to do the necessary research in conjunction with the University of Pforzheim to gather information on the availability of drinking water and the current drinking water system in Indonesia. The cooperation will be continuing throughout the year to measure the project impact.

To create a sustainable program Project Child came up with the idea to create the first “drinking water committee”. At every school two teachers, two parents and one member of project child form this committee. They give their input from the start of the drinking water filter installation and are responsible for the project throughout its process. This helps to adjust the program at every school to fit the local and individual requirements regarding the sourcing of water and the collection of payments. Further this grants Project Child the possibility to start an educational program at the schools, which includes topics regarding environmental causes.

You can help by donating for the installation of the drinking water filter to make it available to more schools.

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