Tag Archive for: Health

5 Food Myths Debunked: Leek-ing All The Secrets!

Written by Maria Olivia Laurent, Content Writer Intern at Project Child Indonesia

You’ve seen chefs recommending what recipes to follow to lose weight. You’ve seen nutritionists writing pages upon pages on the correct diet based on your body type. You’ve even seen some celebrities going on their social media giving health advice to their followers. Everything around us influences the way we eat. And with all of the info out there, it becomes difficult to know what’s true and what’s not, leading to some food myths that you probably have heard countless times circulating in society. A food myth is a misconception about food and how they affect our bodies. It may come from the latest diet trends, other people’s experiences, and different health blogs writing different things. However, people need to realize that these food myths remain as they are, simply a myth that has no scientific proof. 

Food and diet are personal. One thing may work for others but not for you, and vice versa. Believing in only what other people say may negatively impact your diet, and you’ll miss out on some good food benefits. Maintaining a good, healthy lifestyle may be challenging despite our best efforts, but indulging in these myths will only make it worse. Here are 5 food myths and the real facts behind them—get ready, some may really surprise you. 

  1. Sugar-free + Gluten-free = Problems-free?

These two labels are everywhere now. Sugar-free ice cream. Gluten-free cookies. Are sugar and gluten truly necessary to cut for a healthier diet? Yes and no. Why? Because when something is labeled sugar-free, they often remove the sugar but replace it with harmful chemicals to mimic the sweet taste. These ‘healthy alternatives’ contain artificial sweeteners like aspartame, sucralose, and saccharine. Though virtually calorie-free, they lead to obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, metabolism failure, and other high-risk illnesses. The same thing goes with gluten-free food. Unless you have gluten intolerance, which is only in 1% of the population that you won’t even realize you have them, you can really benefit from the fiber and other nutrients found in these foods. So instead of completely cutting off sugar and gluten, you should go for a more balanced natural diet where you consume them in a proportional quantity. 

  1. Fat makes you fat

Well first, what kind of fat? People often think of fat as the stuff that makes you want to photoshop the hell out of your pics, but hey, healthy fat exists too! Healthy fats can be found in nuts, salmon, or olive oil, and they help lower blood pressure and keep you fuller longer. Fat-free food goes through a process that removes ALL of the healthy nutritional fat and replaces it with tons of sugar. And lack of good fatty acids results in low energy, eczema, and kidney failure. Experts suggest that rather than going fat-free, go for a low-fat diet with more fruit and vegetable intake. Don’t be fooled by that fake organic packaging, peeps! 

  1. Choleggsterol 

As an egg lover, I felt pretty sad when they said to throw out the egg yolk because it’s full of cholesterol. So I decided to do some little research myself to crack this assumption. Eggs indeed increase your cholesterol level… if you eat a whole crate of them every single day. As long as you consume them in moderation, you don’t have to worry about it, especially when the benefits of eggs far outweigh this cholesterol issue. How you cook them is also a deciding factor. The ideal ways are boiled, poached, and baked. Sunny side ups, omelettes, and scrambled are also okay, but don’t use too much oil or butter. As one of the most popular breakfast foods ever, eggs can actually help you eat 400 calories LESS per day because they’re high in protein. Eggs are good for weight loss, metabolism, stable blood glucose, and suppressing hunger. “But they still raise cholesterol!” Yes, they do, but it increases good cholesterol or HDL (high-density lipoprotein), which can lower the triglycerides, the risk factor for heart disease, through its Omega-3. 

  1. Bye-bye nuts, bye-bye acne!

This is actually quite tricky. Generally, nuts contain acne-fighting nutrients such as vitamin E, selenium, and magnesium. They protect cells from getting damaged and infected through their antioxidants power that will clear up acne. However, nuts also contain high amounts of phytic acid and Omega-6 acids, the opposite of Omega-3 in terms of increasing inflammation, which can create acne. Furthermore, a lot of people are secretly allergic to nuts, so that can also trigger breaking out. So, what then? Can I still eat nuts?! Again, the emphasis is on moderating your nuts intake and choosing which nuts you eat. Just think of it as various nuts having pros and cons. The safest nuts to eat that still have high protein but don’t lead to acne are macadamia, almonds, hazelnuts, and chestnuts—all of which are low on Omega-6. The worst nuts for acne include pine nuts, walnuts, and peanuts. If you’re allergic to one type of nut, you can try eating other types in tiny amount, or you can do an oral food challenge test with your doctor to specify your food allergy. Choose your nuts wisely and enjoy the benefits!

  1. Healthy foods are yucky yuck

Does a bowl of boring salad make you go blah? Yep from me. Many people refuse to eat healthy because they don’t want to let go of all the flavors in their junk food. I kinda feel this too, to be honest, because whenever I imagine a healthy diet, the picture of a sad limp lettuce and plain white mush immediately pulls me back from crossing over to the other side. But in truth, there are many delicious ways to make healthy food as tasty as it is nutritious. Just like any other dish, it takes a lot of practice and the right recipe to do that. Go to your local market for the freshest products and maybe give your grandma a call for her top-secret recipes. What do you think? 

So that’s it, folks, for some debunked food myths. There are still a whole lot of them you can find on the Internet, like if MSG is evil, or if carrots really help with your eyesight. Just don’t listen to assumptions and don’t follow fake nutritionists on TikTok, and you’ll do great! Happy eating!


Baier, L. (2021, August 19). 16 Common Food Myths About Health Food You Still Think Are True. A Sweat Pea Chef. https://www.asweetpeachef.com/myths-about-health-food/#:~:text=A%20food%20myth%20is%20a,that’s%20got%20to%20be%20busted.

Petre, A. (2020, August 19). Artificial Sweeteners: Good or Bad?. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/artificial-sweeteners-good-or-bad#metabolic-syndrome

Romero, M. (2012, March 1). Top 14 Myths About Food and Nutrition. Washingtonian. https://www.washingtonian.com/2012/03/01/top-14-myths-about-food-and-nutrition/

Whiteman, H. (2020, December 17). Is a gluten-free diet good for your health?. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/288406

Wood, S. (n.d.). Do Nuts Cause Acne? 11 Nuts Ranked From Best to Worst for Acne. GoodGlowCo. https://goodglow.co/the-best-and-worst-nuts-for-acne

World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2021: Ensuring Workers’ Safety and Health amidst Pandemic

Written by Safira Tafani Cholisi, Content Writer Intern Project Child Indonesia

Have you ever heard of the term Occupational Safety and Health (OSH)? As specified in the Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 2006 (No. 187), it aims to build a system that can guarantee the safety and health of workers in the workplace. OSH risks may present themselves in a range of forms, but a set of new emerging risks are brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. 

With the pandemic, the workplace becomes a new hotspot for possible virus transmissions. Mitigation measures to address this threat are altering the common methods and practices of workers. One of them is the transition to a work-from-home policy that aims to reduce the number of workers present on-site while maintaining work productivity through long-distance communication and coordination.

This transition is of course without its own challenges. Quarantine and work-from-home policies have observably seen new consequences of its implementation such as psychosocial risks and violence. Working from home without the familiarity of a workplace setting and its defining characteristics like work desk and colleagues can potentially lead to stress, anxiety, and depression. Domestic violence has also reportedly increased during the pandemic quarantine as one of the manifestations of psychosocial stress faced by workers.

OSH risks amidst the pandemic can be even more threatening for workers in developing countries. 80% of workers in developing countries are estimated to be exposed to global occupational hazards (Khan, 2013). With the prevalence of the informal economy sector, many do not have access to secure and guaranteed social safety nets, including healthcare. A number of individuals had to continue working in risky environments as they had no other options to make a living. At the same time, OSH framework development in developing countries continues to be ignored in policymaking (Nuwayhid, 2004).

The International Labour Organization (ILO) first initiated the World Day for Safety and Health at Work on April 28, 2003 to highlight the problems of occupational accidents and diseases as well as to promote its prevention. This year’s World Day for Safety and Health at Work adopts the title of “Anticipate, Prepare and Respond to Crises” and “Invest Now in Resilient Occupational Safety and Health Systems”, which calls for an immediate and proper response to OSH risks caused by the pandemic (World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2021, 2021).

As individuals, we can contribute to the prevention of OSH risks by being responsible to our own roles in the workplace. We can remind our colleagues, friends and family, and our surrounding environment to work safely and know one’s work rights. We can also contribute to movements and campaigns that call out and challenge unsafe and inhumane practices in workplaces. Additionally, we can exercise our right as a citizen to demand our government to provide policy and legal framework that can ensure the safety and health of workers. 

As the pandemic continues to loom over, we can continue to collaborate with one another to do good and spread kindness as much as we can.


Khan, M., 2013. Developing a Safety Culture in Developing Countries. In: International Conference on Safety, Construction Engineering and Project Management (ICSCEPM 2013). [online] Islamabad. Available at: <https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276488208_Developing_a_Safety_Culture_in_Developing_Countries> [Accessed 27 April 2021].

Nuwayhid, I., 2004. Occupational Health Research in Developing Countries: A Partner for Social Justice. American Journal of Public Health, 94(11), pp.1916-1921.
International Labour Organization (ILO). 2021. World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2021. [online] Available at: <https://www.ilo.org/global/topics/safety-and-health-at-work/events-training/events-meetings/safeday2021/lang–en/index.htm> [Accessed 27 April 2021].

World Health Day 2021: Building a Fairer, Healthier World for Everyone

Written by Vina Dina, Content Writer Intern Project Child Indonesia

World Health Day is held every year on 7 April with different themes. It’s aimed to create awareness of a specific health theme to highlight a priority area of concern for the World Health Organization (WHO). This year, to celebrate World Health Day, WHO started a campaign to build a fairer, healthier world.

Referring to what WHO mentions on their website, this campaign started because nowadays, our world is an unequal one. As Covid-19 has highlighted, some people might have easy access to health services. On the other hand, some groups find it difficult to get access to health services due to their little income, have little or no access to safe environments, facing gender inequality, etc. Moreover, the difficulty to access the health services can lead to unnecessary suffering, illness, and premature death.

Isn’t it ironic? While some people have good health facilities with easy access, eat their favorite foods, and sleep comfortably in their house, other people are suffering from hunger, safety and illness.

Health is a right, not a privilege

Even though health services is something necessary, unfortunately it is not easily accessible by everyone. In Indonesia itself, health facilities and human resources in health services are not evenly distributed. For instance in East Indonesia, the number of health facilities and human resources in health services are more limited than the west. Research shows that the number of medical specialists and advanced health facilities such as hospitals or clinics are unequally distributed (Misnaniarti et al., 2017).

These problems are unfair, but preventable. That’s why WHO has started this campaign and called on leaders to ensure that everyone lives and works in conducive conditions to good health and able to access health services anytime and anywhere they need them.

Fairer health services consist of so many aspects. Nowadays, as the distribution of the Covid-19 vaccine begins, we can start sharing more information and awareness about the vaccine. It’s our job to oversee the Covid-19 vaccine is evenly distributed and accessible to all people. Besides, we need to educate people about the importance of Covid-19 vaccine because 42,2% of people in this country do not believe in Covid-19 vaccine (Indonesian Survey Institute, 2021).

Health is a right, not a privilege. Hence, everyone should be able to get access to health services whenever and wherever they need it. We can maximize the use of social media to share awareness and informations about fairer health service and end the discrimination and exclusion. Furthermore, we can influence others to join WHO’s campaign and expand the information. With courage and willingness to build a fairer and healthier world for everyone around us, we can start a small step to make this happen. Small steps will lead to bigger action, isn’t it?

Another thing we can do if we have free time and “willingness” is volunteering. We can volunteer in various organizations either government organizations or non-government organizations in the health sector to help people get their right of health. You can find the organizations on indorelawan.org or join the nearest organizations in your region. Besides helping others, you can also get useful experiences that will certainly help you in the future.

We also can contribute to build a fairer and healthier world for everyone by donating to fundraising that focuses on the health sector. In most cases, the donation will be distributed to help people personally or to improve health services in areas that are rarely reached by the government. Or maybe, you want to start your own organizations and fundraising? It would be great!

We believe everyone can do good, including you. No matter what way you choose, or how big the steps that you take, it still gives an impact to our world. The future is in your hands. 



Misnaniarti et al. 2017. Ketersediaan Fasilitas dan Tenaga Kesehatan Dalam Mendukung Cakupan Semesta Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pelayanan Kesehatan. 1(1)

February: A Month of Love for Vitamin A

Written by Vina Dina Fitriana, Content Writer Intern Project Child Indonesia

February is known as the month of love because on 14th of February some of us celebrate Valentine’s Day. But in Indonesia, especially in the medical field, February is not only a month of love. This month also commemorates the supplementation of vitamin A for children in the age of 6-59 months and postpartum mothers. Administration of vitamin A capsule is one of the public health strategies to prevent and overcome vitamin A deficiency in toddlers. The delivery of vitamin A capsule is a routine health service, given every six months in February and August.

Doses of Vitamin A Capsule

Supplementation of vitamin A capsule is given every 6 months in a large dose because vitamin A is well-absorbed, can be stored in the liver and able to be used as needed for approximately the next 4 to 6 months. There are two types of capsule, the blue capsule which has 100.000 International Units (IU) of vitamin A for infants 6-11 months of age, and the red capsule has 200.000 IU of vitamin A for children 12-59 months of age. The capsules are delivered in health care services like integrated health care centres (posyandu), hospitals, public health centres, etc.

Why Children Should Take Vitamin A Supplementation Every 6 Months

The aim of vitamin A supplementation is to prevent vitamin A deficiency which might cause visual impairment (night blindness) and increase the risk of infections and mortality. Vitamin A has many important roles for children. It is essential to help their vision process when adapting from a bright place to a dark place, avoid children from having xerosis conjunctiva and bitot’s spot and plays roles in the immune system, growth, and development. Hence, parents need to pay attention to the adequacy of vitamin A and take vitamin A supplementation every 6 months for children in the age of 6-59 months.

Vitamins That Our Children Need

Besides vitamin A, our children need 12 other types of vitamins which are important for their bodies. There are 13 types of vitamins that the human body needs, and they are divided into 2 groups, fat soluble vitamins and water soluble vitamins. Fat soluble vitamin consists of:

  1. Vitamin A

    Vitamin A can be found in liver, egg yolk, green vegetables and yellow or orange fruits. Vitamin A has many important roles for our body and has been mentioned before

  2. Vitamin D

    Our body can get vitamin D from sunlight and food such as egg, butter and fish liver oil. Vitamin D plays a role in bone formation and builds strong bones.

  3. Vitamin E

    The main function of vitamin E is as a fat soluble antioxidant and mostly found in plant oil, especially seeds oil like soybean seed oil, corn oil, sunflower seed oil, etc.

  4. Vitamin K

    Vitamin K plays a role in blood clotting and bone formation. It’s found in liver, green leafy vegetables, peas, chickpeas, and broccoli. 

The second group of vitamins is water soluble vitamins, it consists of:

  1. Vitamin C

    Vitamin C has so many functions for the body such as in wounds healing, helping the absorption of calcium and iron, preventing infection and as an antioxidant to prevent cancer and heart disease. Vitamin C is most common in fruits and vegetables, particularly those which have sour flavor.

  2. Vitamin B

    There are 8 kinds of vitamin B, vitamin B1 (thiamin), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic Acid), B6 (pyridoxine), B7 (biotin), B9 (folic acid), dan B12 (cobalamin). Each of them has different functions for our body.

A human’s body has a complex mechanism to survive and carry out its functions as it should. Vitamins themselves are substances that are slightly needed by the body but have many important roles. Vitamin adequacy in children needs to be highly considered because children are prone to infection which can cause mortality and still in their growth and development. Therefore, parents are expected to pay more attention to what their children consume and how their food is made. In this month of love, let’s give attention to our children’s health and nutritional needs as a gift to express our love!


Adriani, M & Bambang W.  2012. Pengantar Gizi Masyarakat. Jakarta: Kencana

Almatsier, Sunita. 2010. Prinsip Ilmu Gizi Dasar. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka

WHO. Guideline: Vitamin A Supplementation in Infants and Children 6–59 Months of Age. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2011

Safety and Health at Workplace: No. 1 Priority

Written by Graciella Stephanie Ganadhi, Content Writer Project Child Indonesia

Working from home has been a privilege that not everyone can have. Healthcare workers, government officials, and those whose work are providing services for the general public cannot enjoy such luxury. Healthcare workers have to work to provide quality treatment for those who are sick, especially in this current pandemic. Government officials have to work to ensure quality service in every aspect of its citizens’ life and make sure that the economy is not collapsing. Even several social workers cannot work from home because there are so many people who do not even have homes and cannot care for themselves. 

This year’s World Day for Safety and Health at Work is more important than ever. Not only at hospitals, governmental buildings and various public places are at risk of infection spread. Police officers are not having less risk than healthcare workers. Sellers in the marker are not having less risk than government officials. This pandemic threatens us all, regardless of our workplace.

Awareness of safety and health at work demands to be increased as the pandemic becomes more and more life-threatening. As the government, we need to ensure the safety and health of our officials when they come to the workplace. As employers, we need to ensure the safety and health of our employees. Precaution and understanding the same ground rules need to be stated to everyone who works out of the house. If you have to go to work and you feel sick or you feel like you have symptoms of any sickness, please call in sick from work. It is better to be safe than risking infecting others at your workplace. If you own the workplace and you have employees coming in to work, some precaution might be needed. Checking everyone’s temperature and making sure everything is sterile and sanitized can be one of the ways you can prevent the spread of infection in your workplace. Educating your employees on how to stay safe, clean, and healthy is also highly needed. If you have provided all the necessary precaution, but failed to educate your employees of the importance of the precaution’s reinforcement, then the precaution will fail to be effective.

Going to work during this trying time might be difficult. If you have the privilege to stay at home, please do. If you have to go to work, please make sure to stay safe, healthy, and follow all the health instructions. As a part of a society, we can help to put an end to this outbreak. No matter how small and insignificant your contribution to the world right now, if there is something you can do to cut the pandemic chain, please do. Remember to always stay safe and healthy!


  • https://www.un.org/en/observances/work-safety-day

Jangan-Jangan Aku Kena COVID-19?

Ditulis oleh Graciella Stephanie Ganadhi, Content Writer Project Child Indonesia

Akhir-akhir ini apa kalian pernah merasa parno tiba-tiba tenggorokan mulai sakit, agak demam, terus dada juga mulai sesak sehabis kalian nonton berita tentang COVID-19? Lalu kalian jadi bertanya-tanya, jangan-jangan aku kena COVID-19? Hm, kemungkinannya sih sebenernya kecil banget, hampir ngga mungkin malah. Kalo kalian habis jalan-jalan ke luar negeri atau ketemu sama penderita COVID-19 sih, mungkin aja kalian kena COVID-19, tapi kalo kalian udah social distancing dan tiba-tiba kalian merasa sakit, mungkin aja itu cuma gejala psikosomatik dari otak kalian, guys!

Jadi, otak kita ini punya bagian yang namanya amigdala. Nah, amigdala ini apa sih? Basically, amigdala itu punya fungsi macam-macam, guys. Salah satunya adalah mengatur rasa takutmu. Nonton berita dalam jangka waktu yang cukup lama, terutama berita yang bikin takut kaya berita COVID-19 akhir-akhir ini bikin otak kalian, terutama sistem saraf otonom, terus-terusan berada di posisi fight atau flight sehingga kalian jadi stres. Stres kalian inilah yang menyebabkan ketidakseimbangan antara sistem saraf simpatetik dan parasimpatetik sehingga muncul reaksi psikosomatik yang mirip gejala COVID-19.

Stres berlebih itu sebenarnya merugikan, lho. Sebuah penelitian oleh André Bovis dan André Simoneton di 1949 menunjukkan bahwa stres dapat menyebabkan penurunan frekuensi tubuh. Jadi, semua benda di alam semesta ini bergetar dan memiliki frekuensi, mulai dari sel sampai atom. Orang yang sehat seharusnya punya frekuensi antara 7000 hingga 8000 uB (unit Bovis). Kalo seseorang punya frekuensi yang kurang dari 1000 uB, artinya orang tersebut sudah mendekati kematian. Orang yang sakit parah bakal punya frekuensi antara 2000 hingga 3000 uB, sedangkan orang yang sakit dan stres bakal punya frekuensi dibawah 5000 uB. Nah, ketakutan atau kecemasan berlebih dapat menyebabkan turunnya frekuensi tubuh menjadi dibawah 5000 uB dan ini bisa jadi bahaya untuk kita. Studi menunjukkan virus juga punya frekuensi sekitar 5000 uB. Artinya, jika frekuensi tubuh kalian berada dibawah 5000 uB seperti saat kalian stres, virus akan mengira bahwa tubuh kalian adalah “rumah” karena frekuensi yang mirip. Jadi ketika kalian stres, virus bakalan lebih mudah masuk dan bikin kalian sakit.

Sebaiknya, jangan khawatir dan stres berlebihan tentang berita, guys. “Sadar bukan cemas, siap bukan panik” harusnya jadi moto kalian dalam menghadapi situasi sekarang ini. Tetep nonton berita, yah! Tapi gausah dibawa stres. Saat kaya gini penting untuk melek berita, tapi juga kesehatan harus tetap jadi nomor satu. Tonton berita secukupnya, kalo perlu, jam nonton berita itu udah kalian jadwal. Jangan seharian mantengin berita. Habis nonton berita, kalian bisa ngegame atau olahraga ringan atau meditasi buat meredakan stres juga bisa banget, lho. Yuk, batasi nonton berita yang bikin stres dan tetap mengutamakan kesehatan ya!


  • http://www.lamartinablanca.com/Unidades_Bovis.html
  • https://whitemagicway.com/bovisbiometer.html
  • https://www.cnnindonesia.com/gaya-hidup/20200323131032-255-486024/cegah-corona-jadi-jadian-akibat-stres-dan-cemas-berlebih
  • https://twitter.com/mbahndi/status/1241556884261224449?s=08

Did I Finally Catch COVID-19?

Written by Graciella Stephanie Ganadhi, Content Writer Project Child Indonesia

Do you feel like you have a sore throat or increasing fever after watching or reading the news regarding COVID-19? Or your skin is suddenly itchy and your chest feels tight? You might worry that you finally have caught the disease, right? Well, no worries, fellas. Worst case scenario is yes, you might have the disease because you have come into contact with someone that has the virus or you just recently came back from travelling overseas. However, the chance of that happening is very, very, very small or none at all. There is a bigger chance that you might suffer from the psychosomatic side-effect of watching too much news.

Your brain has a part called amygdala. It is the part which controls your memory and also your fears. Due to the constant stream of worrisome news, your amygdala reacted strongly to it. Your amygdala causes the autonomous neuron system to be in constant fight or flight mechanism that causes you to stress. The imbalance between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system then causes you to have the psychosomatic reaction which is the sudden fatigue, dry cough, sore throat, etc. that is similar to the symptoms of COVID-19.

Stress can cause you so much more harm than you might think. In a research done by André Bovis and André Simoneton in 1949, stress can cause a decrease in your body’s frequency. Everything in this universe is vibrating and has frequency, from cells to atoms. A healthy human being should have a frequency between 7000 to 8000 uB (unit Bovis). If someone has 1000 uB or less, that means the person is nearing death. A seriously ill person will have about 2000 to 3000 uB, while a moderately sick or stressed person will have under 5000 uB. Fear or worry can cause your body’s frequency to drop and if you become stressed, your frequency will be under 5000 uB. Now, why is this dangerous? As study shows, viruses have the frequency at around 5000 uB as well. This means, if your body’s frequency is also around 5000 uB, viruses might see your body as potential “home” because of the similar frequency. Thus, you will be more prone to sickness due to viruses.

So, don’t worry and stress too much about the news. “Aware not anxious, prepare not panic” should be your motto in facing this fearsome situation. Be aware of the news, but not too aware that it causes you stress. Be prepared, but don’t panic and buy everything or hoard things that others might need more than you do. Watch the news moderately. Don’t watch too much, but also don’t stop caring about the news as well. Stay in the loop, stay informed, but take time to enjoy yourself. Do things that make you happy. Watch the news for an hour then play games for another hour. Watch the news for an hour and  then do light exercise or meditation for the next hour. Portion your news-watching time in a day, it will help with the stress. Remember to stay healthy and stress-free, folks!


  • http://www.lamartinablanca.com/Unidades_Bovis.html
  • https://whitemagicway.com/bovisbiometer.html
  • https://www.cnnindonesia.com/gaya-hidup/20200323131032-255-486024/cegah-corona-jadi-jadian-akibat-stres-dan-cemas-berlebih
  • https://twitter.com/mbahndi/status/1241556884261224449?s=08

Better Drinking Water Access for Children’s Better Future

Human needs clean water to live. Polluted water is not only dirty and not suitable for consumption, but can also be harmful and even cause death. To improve the quality of life of the community and fulfill the basic rights of all the people, provision of guaranteed access to drinking water needs to be seriously considered as one of the national development priorities. Limited access to water can rob children of education and economic opportunities and prevent them from getting out of poverty. Due to distant access of water from home, children in remote areas often get the task to obtain water for their families too. This responsibility will take up their time which should be used for learning and playing. Safe and accessible water access will give them extra time so they can play like children in general and use the time to study for their future.

Infrastructure development is one of priorities in President Joko Widodo’s administration. Mr. President emphasized on various occasions how important infrastructure is for the progress of a nation, including as a basic foundation in economic growth and increasing the independence of a country. This also applies to the construction and development of drinking water infrastructure or commonly referred to as the Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum (Drinking Water Supply System) or SPAM.

Another challenge beside the lack of SPAM providers in rural areas is that the infrastructure used to distribute water in Indonesia is usually outdated, poorly maintained and prone to leakage. If the distribution system is damaged, water could be contaminated with waterborne disease organisms. The rapid rate of population growth also resulted in a gap between population and service coverage. Lack of local experts is often a barrier to creating more modern water treatment distribution system as well, which requires trained personnel for operations and maintenance.

Based on the performance appraisal conducted by the Agency for the Improvement of the Implementation of Drinking Water Supply Systems (BPPSPAM) towards 371 Regional Drinking Water Companies (PDAM) in 2016, they found that the number of PDAM in healthy condition was 198 (53%), 108 in unwell condition (29%), and 65 ailing (18% ) This condition is different from 2015, where 368 PDAMs were assessed and resulted in 196 (53%) PDAM in healthy condition, 100 unwell (27%), and 72 (20%) ailing. Whereas in 2014, of the 359 PDAM assessed, 182 (51%) were in healthy condition, 103 unwell (29%), and 74 (21%) ailing (BAPPENAS 2017). It can be concluded that from 2014 to 2016, the number of healthy PDAM increased only slightly, the number of unwell PDAM increased and the number of ailing PDAM decreased slightly. Another challenge for SPAM in Indonesia is that there are still many improvements needed from the government to maintain SPAM.

In accordance with Law No. 23 Year 2014 concerning Regional Government, drinking water supply is one of the main responsibility of regional government in regards of providing basic compulsory services. Along with the government development program, the funding aspect for the development of SPAM must also be the commitment and concern of the regional government. Nevertheless with limited local government funding and other development priorities, the central government also supports the development of SPAM in local regions through APBN, hence the SPAM infrastructure development gets joint funding from the regional government and the central government.

In addition to the APBN and APBD, the government also opens opportunities for business entities to support the development of SPAM through the mechanism of Public Private Partnership (PPP) listed in Government Regulation No. 122 Year 2015 concerning Drinking Water Supply Systems. The advantages of the PPP scheme include providing other financing alternatives due to limited government funding, more efficiency, getting new technology used by the private sector, and accelerating the increase of coverage and quality of public services. PPP scheme is expected to optimize investment costs, especially in urban areas where population growth is increasing rapidly. The ability of people in cities to pay which tends to be bigger is a strong reason for investors to invest, but what about people in remote areas who cannot afford it? The lack of conducive business climate has caused the private sector to be reluctant to develop SPAM in rural areas. As a result, the piping network and drinking water supply for the rural poor have received little attention from the government or the private sector.

One of the efforts to develop SPAM in Indonesia can be started from schools by providing drinking water installations to build habits and increase awareness to children, teachers, parents, and people around the school environment. The water filter system guarantees the cleanliness of water so it minimizes potential disease due to contaminated water. Children will also be able to set aside a portion of their pocket money to buy other necessities other than drinking water. This system is also easy to learn so that anyone can operate and maintain it. Application of Drinking Water Programs in schools can offer drinking water supply options to assist the government in both urban and remote areas, especially for children. With a good and affordable drinking water supply system, children will have the opportunity to develop their potential because they have more time to learn and play, so the hope of having a brighter future is greater as well.

Investment in Health and Nutrients is Investment in Education


“Education is an important instrument of peace and development.”

Education has always been the key role in the development of human race and civilization, through the refinement of collective ideas that is learned and relearned through education. Advancement of economic and social progress has always been ascribed to the abundant stock of knowledge that nations have. To ensure that progress is kept going, education is important to be developed and improved.

The first Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) Conference of Education Ministers that was attended by education ministers from the member states of Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) reiterated the importance of education. Dr. Abdulaziz Othman Altwajiri on his opening address of ISESCO Conference of Education Ministers on 27 October 2016 in Tunis, Tunisia stressed that education is an important instrument of peace and development. ISESCO is just one of the organization that stresses the urgency of developing and improving education.

Off the many strategies to develop education, there is one way that might not cross our minds before, which is quality meals for children at school age. Children, being at their critical age of their growth need quality meals that packed off with good nutrients so that their growth will not be hindered. Especially with the robust activities that children are involved, through play or learn, high quality meals are urgent.

In Indonesia, children are rather prone to double burden nutrients problem, nutrient deprived or nutrient excess. Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) conducted in 2010 found that among 6-12 years old children, 4.6% are categorized very thin, 7.6% thin, 78.6% normal, and 9.2% overweight. Stunting growth are also found in children, with 15.1% are categorized as very short while 20% are short. These statistics should be worrying as not just the health of Indonesian children are concerned, but also concerning their education.

Investment in quality meals is an investment in education for schoolchildren. Because if children are not healthy and deprived of good nutrients, then schools cannot function efficiently as a place of learning. Children need quality meals with good nutrients in order to develop well and perform better in learning. Problems with health and good nutrients can hinder learning process.

World Food Programme (WFP) acknowledged the importance of quality meals for children, and linked it with the improvement of education. WFP proposed the program of school feeding, where in schools children are provided with quality meals. WFP listed at least five Power of School feeding. School feeding will improve the nutrients for children that will be helpful for their health, learning, and morbidity. School feeding will also keep children in schools, and also help those who are vulnerable to leaving schools such as girls and children with disabilities. School feeding also acts as a value transfer of healthy lifestyle and diet. School feeding can be a platform for wider socio-economic benefits.

Thus investment in health and nutrients in schools is urgent in Indonesia. Several steps have been taken but needed to reinvigorated, steps that can be taken not just by governments, but by schools, non governmental organization, parents, or anyone. School feeding as World Food Programme has done and campaigned for is one of the steps. Another step is Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah program that was made in collaboration by four ministries in Indonesia.

First step for providing quality foods to schoolchildren is to provide them with quality drinking water and proper sanitation in school. Project Child has created a participatory project and has installed drinking water filters at 24 schools around Yogyakarta to make safe and affordable drinking water available for over 3000 primary school students. Half of these schools are located in the region of Pacitan, a small Town near the coast of Jawa. These schools even have to deal with harder conditions because the drinking water is often contaminated and the structures for a reliable water access are not available. The first step Project Child took after they came up with the idea for the DWP (Drinking Water Program) was to do the necessary research in conjunction with the University of Pforzheim to gather information on the availability of drinking water and the current drinking water system in Indonesia. The cooperation will be continuing throughout the year to measure the project impact.

To create a sustainable program Project Child came up with the idea to create the first “drinking water committee”. At every school two teachers, two parents and one member of project child form this committee. They give their input from the start of the drinking water filter installation and are responsible for the project throughout its process. This helps to adjust the program at every school to fit the local and individual requirements regarding the sourcing of water and the collection of payments. Further this grants Project Child the possibility to start an educational program at the schools, which includes topics regarding environmental causes.

You can help by donating for the installation of the drinking water filter to make it available to more schools.

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