Membesarkan Anak menjadi Lebih Bahagia dan Sehat: Apa Gaya Mengasuh yang terbaik?

Ditulis oleh: Louis Budiman, Grants Researcher Intern Project Child Indonesia

Keluarga merupakan agen sosialisasi yang mendasar dan utama bagi setiap manusia untuk tumbuh. Menciptakan lingkungan keluarga yang bahagia, sehat, dan aman bagi anak memerlukan peran proaktif orang tua. Untuk mencapai hal tersebut, pengasuhan yang baik sangat penting dan merupakan aspek paling dasar yang tidak hanya membentuk perilaku anak, tetapi juga kemungkinan mereka untuk menjadi orang dewasa yang bertanggung jawab dan sukses di masa depan. Setiap orang tua pasti mencintai dan menyayangi anaknya sendiri, tapi mungkin kita masih bertanya-tanya: bagaimana pola asuh anak yang terbaik?

Sebagian besar peneliti dan pakar sepakat bahwa ada empat jenis utama pola asuh anak (Morin, 2019): authoritarian atau otoriter (fokus pada kepatuhan dan hukuman ketimbang kedisiplinan); authoritative atau suportif (menciptakan hubungan positif dan menegakkan aturan); permisif (tidak menegakkan aturan; ‘anak-anak akan selalu menjadi anak-anak’); dan uninvolved atau tidak peduli (memberikan sedikit bimbingan, pengasuhan, atau perhatian). Faktanya, kebanyakan orang tua tidak selalu hanya cocok dengan salah satu kategori karena mereka sering mengadopsi berbagai pendekatan secara bersamaan (Lloyd, 2016). Hal ini dikarenakan setiap orang tua dan anak memiliki karakteristik dan latar belakang keluarga yang berbeda, yang membuat generalisasi sedikit rumit. Namun demikian, sebagian besar penelitian serta orang tua setuju bahwa jenis pola asuh anak yang suportif adalah cara paling umum untuk membesarkan anak-anak yang lebih bahagia dan lebih sehat (Morin, 2020). Pendekatan pengasuhan seperti itu juga dapat mengurangi konsekuensi negatif yang sering dibuat oleh jenis pola asuh anak yang lainnya. Selain itu, kenyataannya adalah bahwa setiap orang bisa menjadi orang tua yang lebih authoritative atau suportif.

Ada beberapa hal yang bisa mulai dilakukan oleh orang tua untuk menjadi lebih suportif dalam mengasuh anak. Pertama, orang tua sebisa mungkin harus peka dalam menyadari emosi dan perasaan anak mereka. Hal ini sangat penting terutama ketika anak-anak menangis atau marah. Memberitahu mereka untuk berhenti menangis mungkin merupakan reaksi spontan sebagian besar orang tua, tetapi penting juga bagi orang tua untuk mencari tahu apa yang sebenarnya dialami anak mereka ketika di momen tersebut karena si anak mungkin menganggap sedang dalam masalah yang besar atau mendalam. Untuk melakukannya, orang tua dapat memulai dengan mempertimbangkan perasaan anak mereka, memvalidasi emosi anak mereka, dan menjadi pendengar yang baik. Hal ini juga dapat membantu orang tua untuk memberikan perhatian yang positif dan mencegah masalah perilaku anak.

Menegakkan aturan juga penting dalam membesarkan anak untuk bisa bertanggung jawab. Orang tua yang permisif atau tidak peduli cenderung menaruh usaha yang sedikit pada aspek ini, sedangkan orang tua yang otoriter bisa terlalu intens dalam menetapkan aturan dan terlalu berlebihan dalam memberikan peringatan. Orang tua yang suportif sering kali menetapkan aturan yang jelas dan menjelaskan alasan di baliknya kepada anak mereka – dan ini bisa menjadi cara yang ideal untuk tidak hanya menegakkan aturan tetapi juga untuk membantu anak memahami dan berekspektasi akan konsekuensi dalam mengikuti atau tidak mengikuti aturan. Ketika anak melakukan kesalahan, orang tua harus menghindari membuat malu, membuat rasa bersalah, dan memberikan hukuman fisik kepada anak mereka. Sebaliknya, beri anak konsekuensi yang mengajarkan pelajaran hidup dan kesempatan untuk belajar. Hal ini diperlukan untuk membantu anak mengontrol emosi, melatih keterampilan resolusi konflik, dan mengembangkan rasa tanggung jawab. Selain itu, reward atau insentif juga dapat membantu dan memotivasi anak untuk membiasakan perilaku yang baik.

Yang terakhir tapi tidak kalah pentingnya, orang tua harus membangun hubungan yang positif dan sehat dengan anak mereka. Daripada bertujuan untuk mengontrol anak, lebih baik bagi orang tua untuk mendorong kedisiplinan diri anak mereka. Orang tua juga perlu menjadi panutan yang baik dan memberikan waktu keluarga yang cukup untuk menjaga kesehatan mental anak mereka. Menjadi orang tua yang lebih suportif membutuhkan rasa cinta, kasih sayang, dan kesabaran – dan ini adalah kunci untuk membesarkan anak yang lebih bahagia dan lebih sehat.

Referensi:

Lloyd, C. (2016). What’s your parenting style?. Retrieved from https://www.greatschools.org/gk/articles/types-of-parenting-styles/#:~:text=Studies%20have%20identified%20four%20major,academically%20strong%20and%20emotionally%20stable

Morin, A. (2019). 4 Types of Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Kids. Retrieved from https://www.verywellfamily.com/types-of-parenting-styles-1095045.

Morin, A. (2020). 12 Ways to Become a More Authoritative Parent. Retrieved from https://www.verywellfamily.com/ways-to-become-a-more-authoritative-parent-4136329.

Thompson, H. (2018). What’s the ‘best’ parenting style to raise a successful child?.  Retrieved from https://www.mother.ly/child/whats-the-best-parenting-style-to-raise-a-successful-child.

Raising Happier and Healthier Child: What is the Best Parenting Style?

Written by: Louis Budiman, Grants Researcher Intern Project Child Indonesia

Family is a fundamental and primary agent of socialization for every human being to grow. Creating a happy, healthy, and safe family environment for children requires a proactive role by parents. To achieve this, good parenting is essential and the very basic aspect that shapes not only child behaviour, but also their likelihood to be a responsible and successful adult in the future. Every parent surely loves and cares for their own kids, but we might want to wonder and ask: what is the best parenting style?

Most researchers and experts agree that there are four major parenting styles (Morin, 2019): authoritarian (focus on obedience and punishment over discipline); authoritative (create positive relationship and enforce rules); permissive (do not enforce rules; ‘kids will be kids’); uninvolved (provide little guidance, nurturing, or attention). In fact, most parents do not necessarily fit solely into one of the categories as they often adopt combined approaches (Lloyd, 2016). This is because every parent and the child have different characteristics and family background, which makes generalization a little bit tricky. Nevertheless, most studies as well as parents agree that authoritative parenting style is the most common way to raise happier and healthier children (Morin, 2020). Such a parenting approach can also mitigate negative consequences that other parenting styles often create. Moreover, the truth is that everyone can be a more authoritative parent. 

There are some starting points for parents to be more authoritative in parenting. First, parents should be aware of their child’s emotions and feelings. This is crucial particularly when children cry or get angry. Telling them to stop crying might be the reaction by most parents, but it is also important for parents to acknowledge what their child is really going through as it might be a big deal to them. To do so, parents can start by considering their child’s feelings, validating their child’s emotions, and being a good listener. This can help parents to provide positive attention and prevent behavioural problems. 

Enforcing rules is also essential in raising children to be responsible. Permissive or uninvolved parents tend to put a little effort on this aspect, while authoritarian parents can be too intense in establishing rules and too excessive in giving warnings. Authoritative parents often set clear rules and explain the reasons behind them to their child – and this could be an ideal way to not only enforce the rules but also to help children understand and expect consequences by following or not following the rules. When children make mistakes, parents must avoid shaming, guilt-tripping, and imposing corporal/physical punishments to their child. Instead, give children consequences that teach life lessons and learning opportunities. This is necessary to maintain child’s anger management, conflict resolution skills, and sense of responsibility. In addition, incentives or rewards could also help and motivate children in getting used to good behaviours. 

Last but not least, parents shall build a positive and healthy relationship with their child. Instead of aiming to control children, it is better for parents to encourage their child’s self-discipline. Parents need to be a good role model and give enough quality time to preserve their child’s mental health. Being a more authoritative parent needs compassion, affection, and patience – and these are the keys to raise a happier and healthier child.

References

Lloyd, C. (2016). What’s your parenting style?. Retrieved from https://www.greatschools.org/gk/articles/types-of-parenting-styles/#:~:text=Studies%20have%20identified%20four%20major,academically%20strong%20and%20emotionally%20stable

Morin, A. (2019). 4 Types of Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Kids. Retrieved from https://www.verywellfamily.com/types-of-parenting-styles-1095045.

Morin, A. (2020). 12 Ways to Become a More Authoritative Parent. Retrieved from https://www.verywellfamily.com/ways-to-become-a-more-authoritative-parent-4136329.

Thompson, H. (2018). What’s the ‘best’ parenting style to raise a successful child?.  Retrieved from https://www.mother.ly/child/whats-the-best-parenting-style-to-raise-a-successful-child.

Problems Solving with Business?

Written by: Paschalis Cahya Irawan, Social Business Trainee Intern Project Child Indonesia

Can business solve social problems? can by designing a social business. Social business or often referred to as social entrepreneurship is defined as a business that is motivated by social problems or other problems This business is also a form of solution to social and environmental problems by managing problems into a business innovation with a mission to solve these problems.

Before getting to know the concept, I was not interested in a business that only looks for profit, but after knowing the concept of social business, I have an interest in the form of the concept. Until finally I studied deeper and had the desire to put the concept into practice.

In the end, I looked at social media and saw that there was an internship program at one of the NGO’s (Non-Governmental Organizations) Project Child Indonesia which opened an internship program in the field of social business. After considering, I finally enrolled in the program, in my mind to know how to implement social business directly and how the process of social business development.

As someone who doesn’t know the details of social business development, I have learned a lot from the internship program. From what I know, making a social business by looking at social and environmental problems is not enough. There are still many processes that must be passed to set up a social business.

By participating in the internship program, I learned from several colleagues from various other fields of knowledge. I have come to understand that designing a social business is not just looking at the existing problems. But I also need to think about how to design a business that has more value not only looking at the problem but how the business is sustainable.

Social business begins with good intentions to help others independently and sustainably through business activities. During the internship program at Project Child Indonesia and meeting many friends who have other perspectives, they have provided valuable lessons in the process of designing and preparing the needs for building a social business. In addition to providing new knowledge, we also see how the challenges of setting up a social business are by thinking about the possibilities that occur with the implementation of the business idea. This is a valuable experience for me and hopefully we can all do good with each other through a business.

Quoting from Muhammad Yunus “Create a tiny plan to help a few people at a time”, let’s make a business plan to help others.

Kamu Tidak Harus Menunggu Untuk Berbuat Baik

Ditulis oleh: Angelien Chrestella Pardi, Social Business Trainee Intern Project Child Indonesia

Hati Nurani yang Bersalah

Saya selalu menikmati melakukan perjalanan dan naik mobil. Dengan hiruk pikuknya kehidupan kuliah dan pekerjaan, terutama di masa pandemi ini, saya sering memanfaatkan waktu ini untuk menghilangkan stres, mendengarkan musik yang menenangkan sambil mengamati kehidupan yang terjadi di sekitar saya. Namun, di dalam perjalanan, tidak jarang saya melihat orang-orang menjalani kehidupan mereka yang sulit. Misalnya, anak-anak kecil meminta-minta kepada pengendara mobil dan motor, orang tua membawa karung, mengais-ngais tempat sampah, dan lain-lain.

Sama seperti orang lain, melihat betapa sulitnya hidup bagi orang-orang yang kurang mampu benar-benar menyentuh hati dan membuat saya sangat terharu. Saya sering menemukan diri saya berempati dengan orang-orang tersebut dan mengatakan pada diri sendiri bahwa saya akan melayani orang-orang yang sangat membutuhkan pertolongan dan membantu mereka di saat saya mencapai kesuksesan. Namun, suara hati saya terus-menerus menghantui saya dengan satu pertanyaan ini: Kenapa? Kenapa harus di kemudian hari?

Penjelasan di Balik Pertanyaan Tersebut

Saya yakin bahwa saya bukan satu-satunya orang yang bersalah untuk memiliki pemikiran seperti itu. Menunjukan jari kepada orang lain untuk memiliki pemikiran ini bukanlah niat saya karena menurut saya sangatlah wajar bagi manusia untuk memprioritaskan diri mereka sendiri, dan kebutuhan mereka, di atas orang lain. Namun, pernahkah kita berhenti sejenak dan merenungkan mengapa kita terus mengatakan pada diri sendiri untuk membantu orang lain hanya setelah kaya dan nyaman dengan kehidupan? Mengapa kita harus menunggu saat itu datang untuk membantu orang lain? Mari kita berhenti sejenak dan merenungkan pertanyaan ini.

Sekarang izinkan saya bertanya kepada Anda: Bagaimana jika waktu yang tepat itu tidak pernah datang? Apa yang terjadi kemudian? Apakah itu berarti Anda tidak akan berbuat baik dalam hidup Anda? Jelas tidak karena kenyataannya, dalam hidup, tidak ada waktu yang ideal untuk melakukan hal tertentu. Berbuat baik tidaklah berkecualian. Tidak akan pernah ada waktu yang tepat bagi Anda untuk berbuat baik dan membantu orang lain. Percayalah, momen itu tidak akan pernah datang. Anda hanya membuang-buang waktu jika Anda menunggunya. Jika Anda ingin membantu orang lain, mulailah dari sekarang.

Bagaimana Saya Dapat Membantu?

Anda sudah memiliki keinginan untuk berbuat baik. Itu hebat! Ini membuktikan kebaikan dan sikap kepedulian Anda terhadap orang lain dan bahwa Anda bersedia dan siap untuk memberikan kontribusi altruistik kepada sekeliling Anda. Namun, mungkin Anda masih tidak yakin bagaimana Anda dapat membantu orang lain. Langkah apakah yang harus ditempuh selanjutnya? Bagaimana Anda memulainya?

Janganlah khawatir! Berikut adalah beberapa cara yang dapat Anda lakukan untuk berbuat baik:

1. Jadilah seorang Samaria yang Baik Hati

Janganlah menutup mata atau kuping Anda terhadap orang yang membutuhkan bantuan Anda. Sebaliknya, bantulah mereka semampu Anda. Belikan makanan untuk yang lapar, berikan selimut untuk yang kedinginan, dan bantulah orang tua saat mereka menyeberang jalan. Tindakan kebaikan kecil ini mungkin tampak tidak berarti bagi Anda, tetapi Anda tidak akan pernah tahu seberapa besar artinya bagi mereka.

2. Jadilah Seorang Sukarelawan

Menjadi sukarelawan adalah salah satu cara paling luar biasa yang dapat Anda lakukan untuk membantu komunitas Anda. Selain menambah kebahagiaan dan arti kehidupan dalam hidup Anda, menjadi seorang sukarelawan juga dapat memberi Anda rasa memiliki dalam komunitas. Selain itu, Anda dapat memilih bagaimana Anda ingin berkontribusi dan membantu komunitas berdasarkan minat dan hasrat Anda.

3. Penggalangan Dana untuk Suatu Tujuan

Melibatkan teman dan keluarga Anda untuk menggalang dana dengan tujuan yang sangatlah dekat di hati Anda adalah cara yang bagus dan menyenangkan untuk mendukung komunitas Anda. Selain itu, menyumbang sebagai pengganti acara khusus untuk tujuan yang Anda minati adalah cara luar biasa untuk membuat hari tersebut berkesan dan bermakna.

4. Berbagilah Dengan Menyumbang

Tidak semua orang mempunyai waktu untuk melakukan bakti sosial meskipun mereka mempunyai keinginannya. Dan itu tidak apa-apa! Sumbangan datang dalam banyak bentuk dan terserah Anda mau menyumbang apa, tentu berdasarkan kebutuhan masyarakat. Misalnya, Anda dapat mengantar dan menyumbangkan makanan ke komunitas lokal, pakaian ke tempat penampungan tunawisma, buku dan perlengkapan ke sekolah dan panti asuhan setempat.

Selain itu, ada banyak sekali organisasi non-profit di luar sana yang menerima sumbangan dana. Dengan mendanai organisasi-organisasi tersebut, Anda dapat membantu NGOs dalam mendukung program-program berkelanjutan mereka, sehingga dengan demikian, Anda dapat membantu masyarakat rentan.

5. Gunakanlah Suara Anda

Tidak semua orang memiliki keberanian untuk membela diri mereka sendiri. Hal ini sangatlah menonjol di para korban bullying, pemerkosaan, rasisme, seksisme, dan sebagainya. Seringkali, individu-individu yang tidak berani untuk membela diri berasal dari kelompok minoritas masyarakat, seperti yang tunawisma, yang terlantar, yang tertindas, dan yang tak berdaya. Oleh karena itu, jika Anda aktif di media sosial, atau platform-platform lainnya, Anda dapat menggunakan keterampilan Anda dengan sangat baik! Gunakanlah suara Anda dan bicaralah untuk mereka, bersama mereka. Tindakan Anda akan meningkatkan kesadaran kepada orang-orang di sekitar Anda dan siapa tahu, dapat memberi kelompok-kelompok minoritas tersebut keberanian untuk membela diri dan membantu membawa perubahan positif dan bermanfaat bagi komunitas.

Berbuat Baik dengan Project Child Indonesia

Sebagai organisasi nirlaba yang berpusat pada sukarelawan, Project Child Indonesia menawarkan beberapa kesempatan bagi orang-orang, terutama para remaja, untuk berpartisipasi dalam membuat perbedaan di kalangan masyarakat. Dari peran relawan hingga posisi magang, kampanye publik hingga acara penggalangan dana, Project Child Indonesia berniat untuk menginspirasi lebih banyak individu agar lebih peduli pada masyarakat, terutama dalam mengadvokasi dan mendukung anak-anak dan warga negara Indonesia yang berada di komunitas rentan di Yogyakarta. Oleh karena itu, jika hasrat dan minat Anda terletak pada advokasi anak dan pendidikan, dan juga menemukan diri Anda berkomitmen untuk membuat dampak besar pada masyarakat, menjalankan waktu Anda di Project Child Indonesia sebagai seorang sukarelawan pastilah berhikmah.

Garis bawah

Bunda Theresa pernah berkata,

“Sehari tanpa melakukan sesuatu yang baik untuk orang lain adalah hari yang tidak berharga untuk dijalani.”

Kutipan ini mengartikulasikan dengan asli tentang esensi kehidupan yang paling mendasar. Hidup tidak akan bermakna tanpa tindakan kebaikan, tindakan kasih sayang dan bahasa cinta yang universal.

Tindakan apapun yang Anda memutuskan untuk melakukan, ingatlah untuk selalu berbuat baik karena tindakan inilah yang membuat hidup kita berarti. Setiap benih yang Anda tanam hari ini akan menghasilkan buah yang besar di keesokan hari. Dengan ini, berhentilah menunggu dan mulailah membantu orang lain karena apapun keadaannya, “Semua orang dapat berbuat baik”.

Why You Should Not Wait to do Good

Written by: Angelien Chrestella Pardi, Social Business Trainee Intern Project Child Indonesia

The Guilty Conscience

I have always enjoyed taking trips and going on car rides. With the hustling life of college and work, especially during this pandemic, I often find myself utilizing this time to de-stress, listening to relaxing music while observing the life of lives happening around me. During these car rides, however, it is not uncommon for me to encounter the sights of people living difficult lives. For instance, children knocking on car windows asking for change, the elderly carrying white sacks, rummaging through waste piles, etcetera. 

Just like any other people, looking at how arduous life can sometimes be for the underprivileged truly tugs my heart. I frequently find myself empathizing with these people and telling myself that I will serve good and help them when I become successful, later, in the future. However, the tiny voice at the back of my mind persistently haunted me with this one question: Why? Why then? 

The Why, explained

I am positive that I am not the only person guilty of having such a conscience. Guilt-tripping others for having these thoughts was not my intention as it is only natural for humans to prioritize themselves, and their needs, over others. Nevertheless, have we ever paused for a moment and considered why we keep telling ourselves to help others only after being affluent and comfortable with life? Why do we have to wait for that moment to come to help others? Let’s take a short pause and reflect on this question.

Now let me ask you this: What if that perfect time never comes? What happens then? Does that mean that you will not do good in your life? Certainly not because the truth is, in life, there is no ideal time to do a particular thing. Surely, doing good is no exception. There will never be a perfect time for you to do good and help others. Believe me, that moment will never come. You are merely wasting your time if you are waiting for it. If you want to help others, simply start helping. Pronto.

How Can I Help?

You already have the desire to do good. That is great! This proves your benevolence and caring attitude towards others and that you are willing and ready to make altruistic contributions to your community. Yet, you are still unsure how you can help others. What comes next? Where do I begin? 

Don’t worry! Here are a few ways you can do good:

1. Be a Good Samaritan

Don’t turn a blind eye or a deaf ear to a person in need. Instead, help them however you can. Buy food for the hungry, offer blankets to the cold and assist the elderly when they are crossing the road. These small acts of kindness might seem like nothing to you, but you will never know how much it truly means to them.

2. Volunteer Your Skills and/or Time

Volunteering is one of the most incredible ways you can help your community. Aside from adding happiness and meaningful purpose into your life, it can also give you a sense of belonging within the community. All these benefits aside, you can choose how you would like to contribute and help based on your interests and passion.

3. Fundraise for a Cause

Engaging your friends and family to fundraise for a cause that is close to your heart is a great and fun way to support your community. Additionally, donating in place of a special occasion towards a cause of your interest is an extraordinary way to make it memorable and meaningful.

4. Donate

Understandably, not all people have the time to do community service despite their desires to do so. And that is completely okay! Donations come in a lot of forms and it is totally up to you on what you would like to donate, of course, taking into consideration the needs of the community. For instance, you can drop off and donate food to local communities, clothes to homeless shelters, books, and supplies to local schools and orphanages. 

Moreover, there are many NGOs out there that accept cash donations. By helping these NGOs through the provision of financial support, you will be assisting them in funding their sustainable programs, thus, helping the community.

5. Lend Your Voice

Unsurprisingly, not everyone dares to stand up for themselves. This is especially true for the victims of bullying, rape, racism, sexism, and many more. This usually constitutes the society’s minorities: the homeless, the neglected, the oppressed, and the powerless. Therefore, if you are active on social media, or any other platforms for that matter, then you can put your skills to great use! Lend them your voice and speak up for them, with them. Your actions will raise awareness to the people around you and who knows, it might give them the courage to stand up for themselves and help bring positive and beneficial changes to society.

Doing Good with Project Child Indonesia

As a volunteer-centered non-profit organization, Project Child Indonesia offers several opportunities for people, particularly young adults, to participate in making a difference within society. From volunteer roles to internship positions, public campaigns to fundraising events, Project Child Indonesia aspires to inspire more individuals to care about the community, especially in advocating and supporting Indonesian children and citizens residing in the underprivileged communities of Yogyakarta. Therefore, if your passion and interests lie in children advocacy and education, and you find yourself committed to making an impact on society, volunteering your time at Project Child Indonesia will undoubtedly be worthwhile.

The Bottom Line

Mother Theresa once said,

A day without doing something good for others is a day not worth living.

This quote holds a sincere, unfeigned depiction of life’s most fundamental essence. Life will surely lose all of its meaning and purpose without the little acts of kindness, deeds of compassion, and the universal language of love. 

Regardless of which actions you decide to take on, always remember to do good because it is these actions that make our lives profoundly meaningful. Every seed you plant today will yield big fruits in the future. With this, wait no more and begin helping others for “Everyone can do good”.

Keunikan dan Keindahan Kewirausahaan Sosial

Ditulis oleh: Faya Augustian Ariestyarini, magang Social Business Trainee Project Child Indonesia

Tergabung sebagai bagian dari tim social business trainee di Project Child Indonesia Batch 32 merupakan suatu pengalaman baru dan unik bagi saya. Menjadi pengalaman baru karena merupakan kali pertama saya mengikuti program magang dan tergabung ke dalam tim social business, sekaligus menjadi pengalaman yang unik karena tergabung ke dalam tim social business di organisasi non-profit yang artinya akan lebih banyak mengkonsep bisnis bertajuk kewirausahaan sosial (social enterpreneurship). Saya banyak belajar mengenai organisasi non profit, seperti definisi, orientasi, struktur keorganisasian, hingga bagaimana tahapan yang tepat dalam merancang kewirausahaan sosial untuk diimplementasi pada organisasi non-profit Project Child Indonesia. Bisnis model dalam Project Child Indonesia unik karena membentuk skema kewirausahaan sosial, yang berupa ide bisnis dengan tujuan tidak sekadar mengejar keuntungan, tetapi juga untuk kebaikan sosial sehingga dana yang diperoleh dapat dimanfaatkan untuk mendanai program sosial yang berkontribusi untuk lingkungan. 

Berdasarkan hasil riset yang dilakukan oleh British Council dan USESCAP dengan judul Developing an Inclusive and Creative Economy: The State of Social Enterprise in Indonesia (2018), hasil pertumbuhan social enterprise di Indonesia terus mengalami pertumbuhan yang signifikan selama beberapa tahun terakhir. Bahkan dalam lima tahun terakhir saja, jumlah wiraswasta sosial berkembang 5 kali lebih besar dibandingkan 5 tahun sebelumnya.  Berdasarkan hasil riset tersebut, tentunya akan timbul pertanyaan terkait dengan apa yang menjadi daya tarik social enterprise yang seakan menjadi tren baru di dalam dunia bisnis pada saat ini.

Alasan dibalik popularitas dari konsep kewirausahaan sosial dalam bisnis ialah keunikan kewirausahaan sosial yang menyajikan cerita-cerita dan tujuan yang unik dibalik didirikannya bisnis tersebut. Kewirausahaan sosial yang hadir dengan menawarkan tujuan mulia, membawa manfaat, serta perubahan bagi lingkungan, seakan menjadi keunikan dan magnet tersendiri bagi kewirausahaan sosial. Terdapat beberapa hal yang menjadi alasan mengapa kewirausahaan sosial unik dan penting keberadaannya bagi lingkungan dan perekonomian itu sendiri, antara lain:

1. Sebagai pelopor bisnis sosial yang mampu menggerakkan orang lain untuk berkontribusi membantu lingkungan dan masyarakat.

Kewirausahaan sosial menjalankan model bisnisnya dengan berupaya menyelaraskan tujuan memperoleh keuntungan dengan nilai-nilai sosial mereka. Hal ini dapat memicu motivasi orang lain untuk tergerak membantu dan berkontribusi membawa dampak bagi lingkungan, sehingga membawa perubahan bagi lingkungan dan perkonomian sekitar.

Hal ini ditemukan pada Project Child Indonesia sebagai organisasi non-profit yang memiliki visi yakni setiap anak di Indonesia memiliki kesempatan untuk belajar, memiliki kehidupan yang sehat, merasa didukung, dan aman untuk hidup di lingkungan bersih yang siap menghadapi bencana alam. Selama beberapa bulan tergabung dalam tim magang sosial bisnis di Project Child Indonesia, saya menyadari bahwa bisnis model yang disajikan oleh Project Child Indonesia dapat memotivasi masyarakat untuk turut berkontribusi membawa dampak bagi lingkungan, baik partisipasinya melalui donasi secara langsung, tergabung dalam program magang, maupun relawan.

2. Bisnis yang menawarkan nilai sosial dan ekonomi.

Kewirausahaan sosial yang memiliki tujuan khusus untuk berkontribusi menyelesaikan permasalahan sosial berpeluang untuk menemukan peluang pasar baru yang sesuai dengan ceruk masyarakat tersebut, sehingga kehadiran kewirausahaan sosial dapat dengan cepat dan efisien, dalam membantu memecahkan permasalahan sosial dan perekonomian dari masyarakat atau lingkungan tersebut.

Berdasarkan visi dari Project Child Indonesia, model bisnis dari organisasi ini mengusung konsep kewirausahaan sosial, yang juga secara spesifik mengarahkan kami sebagai social business trainee untuk menciptakan model bisnis yang sesuai dengan nilai-nilai dan tujuan dari Project Child Indonesia. Contohnya adalah ketika saya dan rekan-rekan satu tim diminta untuk menyusun konsep warung vegan di Project Child Indonesia. Dalam penyusunan konsep bisnis dari warung tersebut, tentunya dilandasi oleh beberapa tujuan sosial yang sesuai dengan nilai-nilai Project Child Indonesia. Kami sebagai bagian dari tim social business trainee di tantang untuk membuat konsep bisnis yang selain membawa manfaat ekonomi berupa profit, tetapi juga menyajikan nilai-nilai sosial di dalam bisnis yang dikonsepkan.

3. Memiliki tujuan mulia untuk membawa dampak bagi lingkungan.

Project Child Indonesia dengan mottonya “Everyone can do good” menawarkan nilai sosial yang menarik dalam organisasinya. Hal ini berlaku pula dalam pembuatan konsep bisnis pada Project Child Indonesia, setiap unit bisnis yang dirancang harus dapat sesuai dengan nilai-nilai Project Child Indonesia yang dapat menyeimbangi antara profit dan kebermanfaatan bisnis bagi lingkungan. Setiap model bisnis yang dirancang oleh kami sebagai tim social business trainee, harus disertai dengan nilai-nilai sosial dengan membawa tujuan dan memiliki misi bahwa keberadaan bisnis akan membawa manfaat bagi lingkungan, sehingga nilai-nilai sosial dan ajakan perubahan sosial merupakan inti dari setiap kegiatan operasional dari bisnis yang mengusung konsep kewirausahaan sosial.

REFERENSI

British Council. (2018). The State of Social Enterprise in Indonesia. Available at https://www.britishcouncil.org/sites/default/files/the_state_of_social_enterprise_in_indonesia_british_council_web_final_0.pdf (Accessed 26 May 2021).

Cohive Space. 2017. 5 Reasons Why Social Entrepreneurship Matters. Available at https://cohive.space/blogs/5-reasons-why-social-entrepreneurship-matters/ (Accessed 26 May 2021).

Roger L. Martin & Sally Osberg. (2007). Social Enterpreneurship: The Case for Definition. Available at https://ssir.org/articles/entry/social_entrepreneurship_the_case_for_definition (Accessed 26 May 2021).

The Uniqueness and Beauty Of Social Entrepreneurship

Written by:  Faya Augustian Ariestyarini, Social Business Trainee Intern Project Child Indonesia

Joining as part of the social business trainee team at Project Child Indonesia Batch 32 was a new and unique experience. It was a new experience because it was my first time participating in the apprenticeship program. It was also a unique experience because I joined the social business team. Project Child Indonesia as a non-profit organization means that there will be more business concepts entitled social entrepreneurship. I learned a lot about non-profit organizations, such as their definition, orientation, organizational structure, and the proper stages of designing social entrepreneurship to be implemented in Project Child Indonesia’s non-profit organizations. The business model in Project Child Indonesia is unique because it forms a social entrepreneurship scheme, which is a business idea to pursue profit and social good. The funds raised can be used to fund social programs that contribute to the environment.

Based on the results of research conducted by the British Council and USESCAP with the title Developing an Inclusive and Creative Economy: The State of Social Enterprise in Indonesia (2018), the results of the growth of social enterprises in Indonesia have continued to experience significant growth over the last few years. Even in the previous five years alone, the number of social entrepreneurs has grown five times greater than during the last five years. Based on the results of this research, of course, questions will arise related to the attractiveness of social enterprises, which seems to be a new trend in the business world today.

The popularity of the concept of social entrepreneurship in business is the uniqueness of social entrepreneurship, which presents unique stories and goals behind the establishment of the company. Social entrepreneurship, which offers noble goals, brings benefits and changes to the environment, seems to be a unique and distinct magnet for social entrepreneurship. There are several reasons why social entrepreneurship is unique and essential for the environment and the economy itself, including:

1. As a pioneer in social business that can motivate others to contribute to helping the environment and society.

Social entrepreneurship operates its business model by trying to align the goal of making a profit with its social values. At the same time can trigger other people’s motivation to be moved to help and contribute to the environment, thus bringing change to the environment and the surrounding economy.

Project Child Indonesia is a non-profit organization whose vision is that every child in Indonesia has the opportunity to learn, have a healthy life, feel supported, and are safe to live in a clean environment that is ready to face natural disasters. For several months being a part of the social business trainee team at Project Child Indonesia, I realized that the business model presented by Project Child Indonesia could motivate the community to contribute to making an impact on the environment, either through direct donations, joining the apprenticeship program, or volunteering.

2. Businesses that offer social and economic value.

Social entrepreneurship, which has a specific goal of solving social problems, can find new market opportunities under that community niche. Social entrepreneurship can be quickly and efficient in helping solve social and economic issues of the community or environment.

Based on the vision of Project Child Indonesia, the business model of this organization carries the concept of social entrepreneurship, which also explicitly directs us as social business trainees to create a business model that is in line with the values ​​and goals of Project Child Indonesia. In one of our projects, we are preparing the business concept of the shop, based on several social goals that are following the values ​​of Project Child Indonesia. As part of the social business trainee team, they challenged us to create a business concept that brings economic benefits in the form of profit and presents social values ​​in the conceptualized business.

3. Having a noble purpose of having an impact on the environment.

Project Child Indonesia with the motto “Everyone can do good,” offers attractive social values ​​in the organization. The slogan also applies in making business concepts in Project Child Indonesia. Each business unit designed must be following the importance ​​of Project Child Indonesia, which can balance the profit and benefit of the business for the environment. Every business model created by the social business trainee team must be according to the Project Child Indonesia social values ​​and have a mission that the existence of a business will bring benefits to the environment. It is so that social values ​​and the invitation to social change are at the core of every operational activity from companies that carry the concept of social entrepreneurship.

Reference:

British Council. (2018). The State of Social Enterprise in Indonesia. Available at https://www.britishcouncil.org/sites/default/files/the_state_of_social_enterprise_in_indonesia_british_council_web_final_0.pdf (Accessed 26 May 2021).

Cohive Space. 2017. 5 Reasons Why Social Entrepreneurship Matters. Available at https://cohive.space/blogs/5-reasons-why-social-entrepreneurship-matters/ (Accessed 26 May 2021).

Roger L. Martin & Sally Osberg. (2007). Social Enterpreneurship: The Case for Definition. Available at https://ssir.org/articles/entry/social_entrepreneurship_the_case_for_definition (Accessed 26 May 2021).

Get to Know the Most Common Natural Disasters in Indonesia

written by Stephanie Ruth Armida and Rafy Ramadhan: Content Writer Interns at Project Child Indonesia

Indonesia is known for its beautiful nature. However, behind Indonesia’s beautiful sceneries, there lurk dangers of natural disaster that can befall us any time. Located in the Ring of Fire, one of the world’s most geologically active areas, our country is prone to geological disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis. We are also threatened by hydrometeorological or water related disasters such as floods, landslides, droughts and wildfires. In this article, we are going to discuss three of Indonesia’s most common disasters, which are earthquakes, floods, and landslides. We will also talk about what we should do if we ever have to face them!

Earthquakes, Floods & Landslides 

Indonesian Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical (BMKG) stated that the intensity of earthquakes have increased at the beginning of the year (Thirafi, 2021). This happened due to aftershock of the earthquakes and the faults –cracks, in the earth where sections of plate are moving into different directions. People living in dense locations and/or near active tectonic locations are more likely to suffer the worst impact of the damage. Besides its danger due to  the amount of damage it can deal, an earthquake may lead to other disasters such as floods and landslides.

Floods, often caused by heavy downpour in the rainy season, are one of many disasters that are caused by humans most of the time. Poor water drainage, deforestations, and narrowing rivers are some of the many root causes of floods (Rayda, 2021). As discussed in our previous article, extreme weather has increased  the intensity of flood and it is getting more difficult to be predicted. Areas affected by floods are often covered by silt and muds. Floods may also contain hazardous materials in the water, such as sharp debris, dangerous chemicals, and sewage that might harm people. Moreover, it can damage facilities and leave affected residents with clean water shortage, no electricity,  and high risks of waterborne diseases. 

The last kind of disaster is landslides. Landslides are also caused by hydrometeorological phenomena. Oftentimes, they are triggered by volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and heavy downpours. Now, we have an increasing number of landslides due to deforestation, climate change, and the conversion of open lands for modern-use purposes (Landslides : FAO in Emergencies, n.d.). Like any other disaster, landslides can cause structural destruction, loss of natural resources and damage to the land. It can also block rivers, hence higher risk of floods. 

Socio-Economic Impacts

The direct impacts of said disasters are dire indeed. However, we cannot ignore the indirect (and mostly long-term) impacts of these natural disasters as well. Our economy and society suffer from natural disasters which happen in a significantly high frequency, because our country is prone to natural disasters. 

From the economic point of view, devastated infrastructure can lead to poverty due to decreasing flow of income. Rebuilding destroyed infrastructures also suck up a considerable amount of budget from our government from time to time, given the fact that almost half of Indonesia’s districts are affected by natural disasters annually. 

From the social perspective, Natural disasters can cause education impairment, since school buildings are damaged and/or used as shelter for residents who are suffering from the phenomena. It can also trigger psychological impact such as trauma and anxiety.

Mitigation & Preparation

Despite the fact of being prone to natural disasters, the infrastructure in our country is not developed enough to be able to withstand the impact caused by them. While it is our government’s job to create sufficient disaster mitigation for its citizens, it is also our own responsibility to be prepared to face any natural disaster, especially those which have high potential to occur in our area. 

You can begin by creating a family safety plan and emergency supplies. Look up for disaster safety tips! Even the most simple knowledge like knowing what to do during a natural disaster such as hiding under your desk during an earthquake or running to the highest land near your area during floods might be a difference between life and death. 

We recommend you to download BNPB’s Disaster Pocketbook for more knowledge about natural disasters from here: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1d5A4bATq1VpqSgibS_bWd5JhLrrCpXE5/view  

Knowing emergency hotlines to call during a disaster  is also crucial should you ever need emergency help!  Here are the numbers you can call in our country to call for help:

  • Ambulance: 118 or 119
  • Police: 110
  • Search and Rescue (SAR): 115
  • Natural Disaster Officer: 129

Although sometimes natural disasters cannot be prevented, we can still try to save our nature and ourselves by fighting climate change. How? By creating eco-friendly behavior! Go check our previous articles for more helpful information, and as usual, everyone can do good, so do not forget to share this information to everyone! 

References

Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB). (2020). Buku Saku Tanggap Tangkas Tangguh Cetakan Kelima 2020 (Vol. 5) [E-book]. Pusat Data Informasi dan Komunikasi Kebencanaan BNPB. https://bnpb.go.id/buku/buku-saku-tanggap-tangkas-tangguh-cetakan-kelima-2020

Landslides : FAO in Emergencies. (n.d.). FAO. http://www.fao.org/emergencies/emergency-types/landslides/en/#:%7E:text=The%20impact%20of%20a%20landslide,increase%20the%20risk%20of%20floods

Rayda, N. (2021, February 8). The Indonesian government is exploring multiple options to contain the worsening floods, but there are obstacles including climate change and illegal settlements. CNA. https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/jakarta-flooding-relocation-giant-seawall-anies-baswedan-13864908#:%7E:text=Although%20not%20as%20severe%20as,of%20the%20city’s%20business%20districts.

Thirafi, H. (2021, January 23). (Update) Potensi Multi Bencana Hidrometeorologis dan Aktivitas Kegempaan Meningkat, Masyarakat Diminta Tidak Panik tapi Tingkatkan Kewaspadaan | BMKG. BMKG | Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika. https://www.bmkg.go.id/berita/?p=potensi-multi-bencana-hidrometeorologis-dan-aktivitas-kegempaan-meningkat-masyarakat-diminta-tidak-panik-tapi-tingkatkan-kewaspadaan&lang=ID&tag=apps-info-bmkg

Perubahan Kesehatan Mental Anak-anak di Pandemi Covid-19

Ditulis oleh Lubna Hanifa M, Grants Researcher Intern Project Child Indonesia

Pandemi Covid-19 telah berdampak besar kepada jutaan orang di seluruh dunia, mungkin mengubah hidup mereka selamanya. Pandemi ini tidak hanya mengancam kesehatan fisik dunia, tetapi juga kesehatan mental.

Di antara mereka yang berisiko adalah anak usia sekolah yang saat ini berada pada masa-masa kritis dalam hidup mereka untuk belajar dan bersosialisasi. Karena pandemi, banyak siswa mengalami penurunan kesehatan mental yang dapat memiliki efek jangka panjang.

Perubahan Sekolah Luring ke Daring

Salah satu konsekuensi utama dari pandemi adalah penutupan sekolah yang meluas. Pergeseran drastis ke pembelajaran daring – yang masih berlangsung, bahkan sampai sekarang – berpotensi memicu masalah kesehatan mental lebih lanjut karena mengganggu banyak aspek kehidupan anak. Untuk siswa usia sekolah, kelompok pertemanan atau peer group memegang peran yang sangat penting dalam kehidupan mereka. Selain itu, hari sekolah biasa memberikan struktur dan rutinitas bagi anak-anak. Saat hal-hal kritis ini diambil dari mereka, perasaan kesepian dan ketidaktentuan akan muncul. Akibatnya, anak-anak menjadi lebih tergantung dan mencari perhatian pada orang tua. Jika perasaan ini terus berlanjut dan cukup parah, masalah lebih lanjut dapat muncul yang berdampak negatif terhadap kesehatan mental mereka seperti depresi atau kecemasan berlebih.

Konsekuensi Isolasi Mandiri dan Karantina

Selain pembelajaran daring, anak-anak yang telah mengalami atau sedang menjalani isolasi diri atau karantina juga dapat mengalami efek yang merugikan terkait kesehatan mentalnya. Khususnya, anak-anak kecil lebih rentan mengalami stres ketika terpisah dari orangtuanya untuk jangka panjang, karena orangtua merupakan individu penting dalam kehidupan mereka. Selain itu, anak-anak yang mengalami isolasi diri lebih cenderung mengalami gangguan stres pasca trauma, gangguan stres akut, serta gangguan penyesuaian diri.

Ancaman di Rumah

Bagi sebagian anak, faktor risiko utama keselamatan mereka bisa berasal dari rumah tinggal mereka sendiri. Waktu tinggal yang lama di rumah membuat mereka menghadapi bahaya yang sebelumnya dapat mereka hindari dengan menjalani rutinitas sehari-hari sebelum pandemi melanda. Isolasi sosial di lingkungan rumah yang bermasalah merupakan isu yang sangat mendesak. Meningkatnya stres dan ketidakpastian ekonomi yang dialami oleh orangtua merupakan faktor yang berpotensi meningkatkan terjadinya kekerasan dalam rumah tangga. Situasi keluarga seperti itu dapat membuat anak semakin gelisah, cemas, atau mudah tersinggung, selain diancam secara fisik. Dalam beberapa kasus, anak mungkin mengalami emosi negatif yang terpendam akibat terlalu lama tinggal di rumah, sehingga membuatnya lebih rentan berkonflik dengan anggota keluarga lain dalam rumah.

Secara keseluruhan, meskipun ada peraturan tertentu untuk melindungi anak-anak dan keluarga mereka dari virus, pembatasan ini sebenarnya dapat menimbulkan kerugian yang tidak diinginkan. Karena itu, urgensi untuk mengimbangi ancaman virus dengan ancaman terhadap kesehatan mental masyarakat, khususnya anak-anak, harus segera menjadi pertimbangan.

Changes in Children’s Mental Health During Covid-19

Written by Lubna Hanifa M, Grants Researcher Intern Project Child Indonesia

The Covid-19 pandemic has affected millions of people worldwide in different ways. Most people, regardless of age, gender, or ethnicity have experienced its effects in one way or another, perhaps changing their lives forever. The pandemic has threatened not only global physical wellbeing, but mental wellbeing as well. 

Amongst those at risk are school-age children who are currently at crucial periods in their life for learning and socialization. Thanks to the pandemic, many students are experiencing consequential damage to their mental health which may have enduring long-term effects. 

The Switch from Offline to Online Schooling

First and foremost, one of the major consequences of the pandemic has been the widespread closure of schools. The drastic shift to online learning – that is still ongoing, even now – has the potential to trigger further mental health problems as they interfere with numerous aspects of a child’s life. For school-age students, peer groups hold an incredibly crucial role in their lives. Furthermore, regular school days provide structure and routine for children. As they are robbed of these critical things, feelings of loneliness and uncertainty become common. As a consequence, children may become more dependent and clingy towards parents. If these feelings persist and are severe enough, further problems may arise that negatively impact their mental health such as depression or anxiety.

Costs of Self-Isolation and Quarantine

In addition to school closures, children who have experienced or are undergoing self-isolation or quarantine may also experience detrimental effects in regards to their mental health. Young children in particular are susceptible to grieve the parental separation, as parents are key individuals in that life stage. Moreover, children who had experienced mandatory self-isolation were more likely to develop posttraumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder, as well as adjustment disorder.

Feeling Unsafe at Home

For some children, the major risk factor to their safety actually comes from their own households. The prolonged time of staying at home exposes them to dangers they would otherwise be able to avoid by going about their daily routines before the pandemic hit. Social isolation in abusive homes is a specifically pressing issue. Increased stress and economic uncertainty experienced by their parents is a factor that can potentially exacerbate the occurrence of domestic violence and abuse. Such family situations can lead children to feel increasingly restless, anxious, or irritable in addition to being physically threatened. In some cases, it is possible that the child has experienced pent up emotions as a result of prolonged stay at home periods, thereby making them more prone to conflicts with other family members in the household. 

All in all, although certain regulations are in place to protect children and their families from the virus, these restrictions might actually inflict unintended harm. The urgency for regulation-makers to balance the threat of the virus in addition to the threat towards the public’s mental health, especially that of children, must be taken into urgent consideration.