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Kunjungan SMSG: Kolaborasi Sebagai Kunci Pergerakan di Bidang Pendidikan

Semua Murid Semua Guru (SMSG) adalah organisasi pendidikan yang berfokus pada kolaborasi. SMSG didirikan oleh Najeela Shihab, seorang pendidik dan aktivis dalam bidang pendidikan. Organisasi ini berfokus pada upaya mengkolaborasikan komunitas-komunitas dan organisasi-organisasi independen sehingga dampak yang diperoleh akan lebih besar daripada jika mereka bekerja sendiri. Bersama-sama, komunitas-komunitas ini akan mampu memberikan dampak yang lebih besar, serta membangun jaringan antar komunitas yang lebih baik.

Project Child Indonesia (PCI) dipandang sebagai salah satu NGO yang telah mampu mewujudkan gerakan kolaborasi dalam program-programnya, khususnya program Sekolah Sungai yang merupakan program pertama yang dijalankan oleh PCI. Program ini adalah bentuk nyata kolaborasi antara masyarakat setempat, para murid, sukarelawan, pendanaan berkelanjutan, dan keterlibatan sukarelawan dari luar negeri.

Sekitar 28 murid dari Sekolah Sungai hadir pada acara kunjungan SMSG pada tanggal 23 November 2018. Co-founder PCI, Surayah Ryha, bersama founder SMSG, Najeela Shihab mendiskusikan pentingnya pengembangan dalam bidang pendidikan alternatif. Banyak komunitas yang bergerak dalam bidang pendidikan masih membutuhkan perhatian lebih, meskipun mereka telah turut bekerja mendukung agenda pemerintah mewujudkan reformasi pendidikan. Organisasi-organisasi ini, salah satunya PCI, sudah terlibat dalam pergerakan pendidikan dengan membangun program-program berkelanjutan yang telah berjalan cukup lama. Pergerakan ini adalah hal positif yang perlu dibagikan pada sesama aktivis pendidikan. Dalam acara ini juga hadir sejumlah media massa nasional yang akan ikut serta menyebarkan berita baik ini ke seluruh Indonesia.

Usai kunjungan, PCI berkesempatan untuk berbagi ide dan pemikiran terkait pendidikan alternatif dengan komunitas-komunitas lain di Hotel GreenHost, serta memperluas jaringan melalui sesi berjejaring yang diadakan oleh SMSG. Kunjungan yang dilaksanakan di PCI ini diharapkan dapat memberi wawasan baru mengenai kolaborasi yang bisa dilakukan oleh SMSG bersama dengan komunitas-komunitas lain. Kolaborasi tersebut tentu berkaitan dengan lingkup kerja Project Child Indonesia. Pengembangan masyarakat merupakan salah satu jenis kolaborasi yang dapat dilakukan dengan melibatkan masyarakat di sekitar lokasi Sekolah Sungai.

Ada pula beberapa hasil yang diharapkan dari sesi berjejaring yang dilakukan dengan SMSG beserta komunitas di dalamnya: semakin banyak berita baik mengenai pergerakan pendidikan alternatif di Indonesia untuk mendorong gagasan tentang volunteerism pada para pembacanya, dan kolaborasi yang mungkin dilakukan dengan komunitas-komunitas yang aktif dalam gerakan serupa. Pada intinya, mewujudkan jejaring yang lebih baik dengan SMSG, media, dan komunitas-komunitas dalam naungan SMSG.

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Penulis: Filla Lavenia Palupy

SMSG VISIT: Collaboration is key in educational movement

Semua Murid Semua Guru (SMSG) is an educational organization which focuses and believes in the power of collaboration. The founder of SMSG, Najeela Shihab, is an educator and activist of education. The organization focuses on how collaboration among independent communities and organizations would have more impact rather than if the communities and organizations worked alone. Together, the communities could build a bigger impact and establish better network among each other.

Project child Indonesia (PCI) is seen as one of the NGOs which has already established the collaboration movement in their programs. Especially, the River School Program which runs as the longest program in PCI. There are a variety of collaborations among the stake holders: community members, students, volunteers, sustainable funding and involvement from volunteer abroad.

There were about 28 students from the river school site present during the visitation. The Co-founder of PCI, Surayah Ryha, and the founder of SMSG, Najeela Shihab, discussed about the importance of educational development among alternative education. There are many underrated communities who are already working on educational movements to support the government’s agenda of reforming education. These organizations, such as PCI, are already involved in this educational movement and have developed sustainable programs for quite awhile now. This good movement is something which needs to be shared among educational activists. Furthermore, there were mass medias from all across the nation who also came to visit and were interested to spread the good news.

After the visitation, PCI is given time to share about the ideas of alternative education among other communities in Green host hotel and to broaden the network by joining the networking session initiated by SMSG. The visitation held in PCI is expected to give more insight upon possible collaborations between SMSG and also other communities. The collaboration would certainly relate to the scope of Project Child Indonesia. The community development is one of the possible collaborations concerning the community members surrounding river school sites.

There are other expected outcomes from the networking sessions with SMSG and the networks within SMSG: there will be more good news about the alternative education movement in Indonesia to encourage the idea of volunteerism to people reading the news, and possible collaboration with more communities under the same movement. Most of all, establishing better networks with SMSG, media, other communities within SMSG network.

 

 

By: Filla Lavenia Palupy

Indonesia to implement literature to its education system

Literature is a part of artwork that gives human being a pleasure of playing with imagination. It’s closely associated with thoughts, feelings, and experiences, in which are important for the growth of one’s cognitive, intrapersonal, and social. In cognitive aspect, literature is strongly related in shaping a person mind-set as well as building the ability of critical thinking. Literature introduces various kinds of characters in life that will affect an individual to develop their own character. In line with intrapersonal, literature could be a media for individual to recognize norms of a society since literature is the projection of life.

Those three aspects are very beneficial if implemented in children education. It is proven from countries such as US and Japan that have been implementing literature into their school curriculum for years. Kinds of literary works that could be implemented into everyday teaching learning process are various. For example songs, poems, prose, short stories, picture books and novels. The one being main concern of Indonesian government is printed literary works. Even though Indonesia in fact is quite late in applying literature in children education and that making Indonesia has low interest in reading, the government lately has been trying to implementing literature in the education system. This can be seen from government policies that require students to read books for fifteen minutes every day before the teaching and learning process begins.

In Indonesia there are several children literature authors that have amazing works for children to read. Murti Bunanta with her Si Bungsu Katka, The Tiny Boys and Other Tales from Indonesia, and etc. She wrote her books in a way that it is easy yet so fun but still full of values and knowledge for children to enjoy and of course to learn. Various values could be taken from Bunanta’s books such as being independent; being honest; and working hard and for knowledge, Bunanta’s book is a retell from Indonesian tales, children could learn about Indonesian culture through the books. Another name is Bung Smas, who made books for children that more advanced in reading, and most of his book have the genre of mystery. His famous works are Noni the Series and Pulung the Series. Through his book, children are given the media for exploring their minds and also emotions such as happiness; sadness; grief; and lost. Those books have been the go to for teachers to engage elementary students to read.

Children have a very different world from adults. The world of children is very close to the world of imagination. Imagination for children means exploring and also understanding the reality of individual existence, and surroundings. Encouraging children to explore their imagination is needed to stimulate their mindsets in order for them to reach their maximum potential. The role of literature through literary works becomes necessary since it is proven to be able to give children the media for them building and developing their imagination.

Pasar Mandiri Code – Project Child Indonesia

On 3rd November 2018, Project Child Indonesia held Pasar Mandiri at Sekolah Sungai Code. It’s one of our most anticipated event at Sekolah Sungai, and the children of Sekolah Sungai Code were very excited in preparing and taking part in Pasar Mandiri.

The original idea of Pasar Mandiri or Sustainable Market, is to allow the riverside community to take part in the process of education for the children at our Sekolah Sungai. In Pasar Mandiri, Project Child Indonesia provides second-hand goods, with great quality and affordable price to sell. The prices range from IDR 1.000 to IDR 10.000. This affordable price range allows the community member of Code to buy all the things that they need. The money that we collected from Pasar Mandiri will directly goes to our educational field-trip for the children.

During this event, we also involved the children of Sekolah Sungai Code directly. They helped to sell, bargain and promote the clothes, bags and shoes to the community member. We involved the children on this event, because Project Child Indonesia aims to raise awareness towards the children about working hard to achieve their dreams. We want the children to understand and put their effort for what they want. And through Pasar Mandiri, they learn about this. They learn that for their educational trip, which they also get to participate in deciding the trip that they want, they have to put some effort in making it happen.

The event start at 09.00 until 12.00, around 50 people came and participated in Pasar Mandiri. We would like to thank all of our kind donors and volunteers for making this program possible.

General Medical Checkup at Code

On 26th October 2018, Project Child Indonesia held an event called “General Medical Check-up for Kids” in one of our River School area, Code. The event was held to help the kids to be aware about their health, and to teach them about basic health. The event was initiated by Australian pediatrician, Dr. Monika Tasoni. During her stay in Yogyakarta Dr. Monika Tasoni contacted Project Child Indonesia, as she wants to do voluntary work and community service to help the children.

The event was successfully held at 14.00 until 17.30, just right after the children finished their school. On that day, around 28 children came and take part in the medical checkup. Dr. Monika Tasoni was helped by two undergraduate medical students from Universitas Gadjah Mada. They helped the doctor to communicate with the children. Most of the problems that the doctor encountered in Code is cavities. Fortunately, Dr. Monika Tasoni came prepared with toothbrushes and toothpastes for the children. The children were very excited as they received a brand new toothbrush set. Later on that day, Dr. Monika Tasoni demonstrated and taught the children the proper way of brushing their teeth. She also reminds them to always brush their teeth three times a day. Thanks to the doctor, the children were very enthusiastic and happy to learn the importance of brushing their teeth.

The event was also enlivened by the participation of PPSMB Universitas Gadjah Mada. Around 10 first year students of Universitas Gadjah Mada, came and helped out the event by entertaining the children. They also gave generous donation of stationaries for the children.

We are happy and grateful for the generous gestures of the people that really cared to help our community. We hope this event could inspire a lot of people to take part in their society. We also hope to see similar event to be held in other river school community!

 

Better Drinking Water Access for Children’s Better Future

Human needs clean water to live. Polluted water is not only dirty and not suitable for consumption, but can also be harmful and even cause death. To improve the quality of life of the community and fulfill the basic rights of all the people, provision of guaranteed access to drinking water needs to be seriously considered as one of the national development priorities. Limited access to water can rob children of education and economic opportunities and prevent them from getting out of poverty. Due to distant access of water from home, children in remote areas often get the task to obtain water for their families too. This responsibility will take up their time which should be used for learning and playing. Safe and accessible water access will give them extra time so they can play like children in general and use the time to study for their future.

Infrastructure development is one of priorities in President Joko Widodo’s administration. Mr. President emphasized on various occasions how important infrastructure is for the progress of a nation, including as a basic foundation in economic growth and increasing the independence of a country. This also applies to the construction and development of drinking water infrastructure or commonly referred to as the Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum (Drinking Water Supply System) or SPAM.

Another challenge beside the lack of SPAM providers in rural areas is that the infrastructure used to distribute water in Indonesia is usually outdated, poorly maintained and prone to leakage. If the distribution system is damaged, water could be contaminated with waterborne disease organisms. The rapid rate of population growth also resulted in a gap between population and service coverage. Lack of local experts is often a barrier to creating more modern water treatment distribution system as well, which requires trained personnel for operations and maintenance.

Based on the performance appraisal conducted by the Agency for the Improvement of the Implementation of Drinking Water Supply Systems (BPPSPAM) towards 371 Regional Drinking Water Companies (PDAM) in 2016, they found that the number of PDAM in healthy condition was 198 (53%), 108 in unwell condition (29%), and 65 ailing (18% ) This condition is different from 2015, where 368 PDAMs were assessed and resulted in 196 (53%) PDAM in healthy condition, 100 unwell (27%), and 72 (20%) ailing. Whereas in 2014, of the 359 PDAM assessed, 182 (51%) were in healthy condition, 103 unwell (29%), and 74 (21%) ailing (BAPPENAS 2017). It can be concluded that from 2014 to 2016, the number of healthy PDAM increased only slightly, the number of unwell PDAM increased and the number of ailing PDAM decreased slightly. Another challenge for SPAM in Indonesia is that there are still many improvements needed from the government to maintain SPAM.

In accordance with Law No. 23 Year 2014 concerning Regional Government, drinking water supply is one of the main responsibility of regional government in regards of providing basic compulsory services. Along with the government development program, the funding aspect for the development of SPAM must also be the commitment and concern of the regional government. Nevertheless with limited local government funding and other development priorities, the central government also supports the development of SPAM in local regions through APBN, hence the SPAM infrastructure development gets joint funding from the regional government and the central government.

In addition to the APBN and APBD, the government also opens opportunities for business entities to support the development of SPAM through the mechanism of Public Private Partnership (PPP) listed in Government Regulation No. 122 Year 2015 concerning Drinking Water Supply Systems. The advantages of the PPP scheme include providing other financing alternatives due to limited government funding, more efficiency, getting new technology used by the private sector, and accelerating the increase of coverage and quality of public services. PPP scheme is expected to optimize investment costs, especially in urban areas where population growth is increasing rapidly. The ability of people in cities to pay which tends to be bigger is a strong reason for investors to invest, but what about people in remote areas who cannot afford it? The lack of conducive business climate has caused the private sector to be reluctant to develop SPAM in rural areas. As a result, the piping network and drinking water supply for the rural poor have received little attention from the government or the private sector.

One of the efforts to develop SPAM in Indonesia can be started from schools by providing drinking water installations to build habits and increase awareness to children, teachers, parents, and people around the school environment. The water filter system guarantees the cleanliness of water so it minimizes potential disease due to contaminated water. Children will also be able to set aside a portion of their pocket money to buy other necessities other than drinking water. This system is also easy to learn so that anyone can operate and maintain it. Application of Drinking Water Programs in schools can offer drinking water supply options to assist the government in both urban and remote areas, especially for children. With a good and affordable drinking water supply system, children will have the opportunity to develop their potential because they have more time to learn and play, so the hope of having a brighter future is greater as well.

Penyediaan Akses Air Minum untuk Masa Depan Anak

Manusia memerlukan air bersih untuk hidup. Air yang tercemar tidak hanya kotor dan tidak layak dikonsumsi, namun juga dapat berbahaya bagi kesehatan dan dapat beresiko menimbulkan kematian. Untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup masyarakat dan memenuhi hak dasar bagi seluruh penduduk Indonesia, penyediaan akses air minum yang terjamin perlu dipertimbangkan secara serius untuk menjadi salah satu prioritas pembangunan nasional. Terbatasnya akses terhadap air dapat merampas kesempatan anak dalam hal pendidikan dan ekonomi dan dapat menghambat mereka untuk keluar dari lingkaran kemiskinan. Karena jauhnya akses air dari rumah, seringkali anak-anak di daerah terpencil juga mendapat tugas untuk mengambil air bagi keluarga mereka. Tanggung jawab ini akan menyita waktu mereka yang seharusnya dapat dimanfaatkan untuk belajar dan bermain. Akses air yang aman dan mudah dijangkau akan memberi mereka tambahan waktu agar mereka dapat bermain layaknya anak-anak pada umumnya dan menggunakan waktu untuk belajar demi masa depan mereka.

Pembangunan infrastruktur merupakan salah satu prioritas pembangunan bagi pemerintahan Presiden Joko Widodo. Presiden menegaskan dalam berbagai kesempatan betapa pentingnya infrastruktur bagi kemajuan suatu bangsa, meliputi sebagai pondasi dasar dalam pertumbuhan ekonomi dan meningkatkan kemandirian suatu negara. Hal ini juga berlaku bagi pembangunan dan pengembangan infrastruktur air minum atau biasa disebut sebagai Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum (SPAM).

Tantangan lain selain kurangnya penyelenggara SPAM di pedesaan di antaranya adalah infrastruktur yang digunakan untuk mendistribusikan air di Indonesia kondisinya biasanya sudah usang, kurang terawat dan rentan terhadap kebocoran. Apabila sistem distribusi tersebut rusak, air akan dapat terkontaminasi dengan organisme penyakit yang ditularkan melalui air. Tingkat pertumbuhan penduduk yang pesat juga mengakibatkan adanya kesenjangan antara jumlah penduduk dan cakupan pelayanan yang belum memadai. Kurangnya tenaga ahli lokal juga sering menjadi penghalang untuk menciptakan sistem distribusi pengolahan air yang lebih modern, yang membutuhkan tenaga terlatih untuk operasi dan pemeliharaannya.

Berdasarkan penilaian kinerja yang dilakukan Badan Peningkatan Penyelenggaraan Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum (BPPSPAM) terhadap 371 PDAM pada 2016, diketahui bahwa jumlah PDAM yang berada dalam kondisi sehat 198 (53%), kurang sehat 108 (29%), dan sakit 65 (18%). Kondisi ini berbeda dari tahun 2015, dimana dari 368 PDAM yang dinilai, PDAM dalam kondisi sehat 196 (53%), kurang sehat 100 (27%), dan sakit 72 (20%). Sedangkan pada 2014, dari 359 PDAM yang dinilai, PDAM dalam kondisi sehat 182 (51%), kurang sehat 103 (29%), dan sakit 74 (21%) (BAPPENAS 2017). Dari sini dapat disimpulkan bahwa dari tahun 2014 sampai dengan tahun 2016, jumlah PDAM yang sehat bertambah hanya sedikit, jumlah PDAM yang kurang sehat bertambah dan jumlah PDAM yang sakit sedikit berkurang. Terlihat tantangan lain SPAM di Indonesia yaitu masih diperlukan banyak perbaikan untuk pemeliharaan SPAM dari pemerintah.

Sesuai UU Nomor 23 Tahun 2014 tentang Pemerintah Daerah, penyediaan air minum adalah salah satu pelayanan dasar yang merupakan urusan wajib pemerintah daerah. Seiring dengan program pembangunan pemerintah, aspek pendanaan untuk pembangunan SPAM juga harus menjadi komitmen dan perhatian pemerintah daerah. Namun dengan keterbatasan pendanaan pemerintah daerah dan prioritas pembangunan lainnya, pemerintah pusat juga turut mendukung pembangunan SPAM di daerah melalui pendanaan APBN, sehingga pembangunan infrastruktur SPAM mendapatkan pendanaan bersama dari pemerintah daerah dan pemerintah pusat.

Selain melalui APBN dan APBD, pemerintah juga membuka kesempatan kepada badan usaha untuk mendukung pengembangan SPAM melalui mekanisme Kerjasama Pemerintah dan Badan Usaha (KPBU) yang tercantum dalam Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 122 Tahun 2015 tentang Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum. Kelebihan dari skema KPBU antara lain memberikan alternatif pembiayaan lain karena keterbatasan pendanaan pemerintah, efisiensi, teknologi baru yang dipergunakan oleh swasta dan mempercepat peningkatan cakupan dan kualitas pelayanan publik. Skema KPBU diharapkan dapat mengoptimalkan biaya investasi terutama di perkotaan yang pertumbuhan penduduknya meningkat dengan pesat. Kemampuan membayar di perkotaan yang cenderung lebih besar dapat menjadi alasan kuat bagi penanam modal untuk berinvestasi, namun bagaimana dengan masyarakat di wilayah terpencil yang tidak mampu? Kurang kondusifnya iklim usaha mengakibatkan sektor swasta enggan untuk mengembangkan SPAM di pedesaan. Akibatnya jaringan perpipaan dan penyediaan air minum untuk masyarakat miskin pedesaan kurang mendapat perhatian baik dari pemerintah maupun dari pihak swasta.   

Upaya untuk mengembangkan SPAM di Indonesia salah satunya dapat dimulai dari sekolah dengan menyediakan instalasi air minum untuk membangun kebiasaan dan meningkatkan kesadaran anak-anak, guru, orang tua, dan orang-orang di sekitar lingkungan sekolah. Sistem water filter menjamin kebersihan air sehingga meminimalisir potensi penyakit akibat air yang tercemar. Selain itu, anak-anak akan dapat menyisihkan sebagian uang sakunya untuk membeli keperluan lain selain air minum. Sistem ini juga mudah untuk dipelajari sehingga siapapun dapat mengoperasikan dan melakukan pemeliharaannya.  Penerapan Drinking Water Program di sekolah dapat menawarkan opsi penyediaan air minum untuk membantu pemerintah baik di perkotaan maupun daerah terpencil, khususnya untuk anak-anak. Dengan sistem penyediaan air minum yang baik dan terjangkau, anak-anak akan mendapat kesempatan untuk mengembangkan potensi mereka karena mereka memiliki lebih banyak waktu untuk belajar dan bermain, sehingga harapan untuk memiliki masa depan yang lebih cerah pun lebih besar.