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Tantrums in Children: A Wise Way to be Considered

Written by : Sih Pirenaningtyas, Teaching Learning Assessor
Sekolah Sungai Gajahwong


Have you ever seen children lying on the floor because their parents did not buy them toys? Or have you ever seen children whimpering and crying endlessly when their brother or sister doesn’t obey what the child wants? It is common for these children to be called tantrum. A tantrum is a powerful emotional outburst, accompanied by anger, aggressive attacks, crying, screaming, rolling, jerking both feet and hands on the floor or ground, and holding breath. Factors that cause tantrum is vary, such as the inability of children to express themselves, desire to seek attention, unpleasant conditions, and parenting aspect. Tantrum is a phase of children’s development which generally occurs at the age of 18 months to 4 years. The things that can be seen from tantrum behavior are that children want to show their independence, express their individuality, express their opinions, and express anger and frustration, so adults can understand if they are confused, tired, or sick

However, if parents allow children to tantrum it will have an impact on the child’s psychological condition. According to pediatrics, abnormal tantrum occur in children over 4 years old. Children who experienced abnormal tantrum often hurt themselves or others during tantrum with a duration of more than 15 minutes. In addition, the frequency of occurrence of tantrum is more than five times a day. So that children don’t experience abnormal tantrum, we must know how to wisely respond to tantrum in children.

Then, how to wisely respond tantrum?

There are some wise tips for children tantrum. First, give the child space to vent his emotions. Second, shows empathy for the child. Pinching, hitting, and doing other violence is not allowed in dealing with children who are in a tantrum. Empathy sentences can make a child calm and not become more. Third, keep children away from dangerous objects. Then, understand the child, be patient and calm.

Most people think that tantrums in children are the responsibility of parents. However, we who are close to children also need to know how to wisely respond to children who are in a tantrum. Because, a supportive environment will have a good impact on children’s development.

Sources :

  • Mandleco, B. L. and Potts, N.L. 2007. Pediatric Nursing: Carring for Children and Their Families. Clifton Park: Thomson Delmar Learning.
  • Potegal, M. and Davidson, R.J. 2003. Temper tantrums in young children: 1. Behavioral composition. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 24(3) : 140-147.
  • Nauli, F.A., 2014. Hubungan Pola Asuh Orang Tua dengan Frekuensi dan Intensitas Perilaku Temper Tantrum Pada Anak Toddler. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Riau, 1(2) : 1-8.
  • Daniels, E., Mandleco, B. and Luthy, K.E., 2012. Assessment, management, and prevention of childhood temper tantrums. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 24(10) : 569-573.

How Important Character-Building Is: Case of Gajahwong Student

Written by Vanya Gerina Azzahra, Teaching Learning Assessor
Project Child Indonesia


One of the River School Programs is located on Gajahwong river bank. There was a unique phenomenon of Gajahwong children as a team in charge got to the place for the very first time. Some of the volunteers might have volunteering experience beforehand so that it perhaps became a common thing to face with. Gajahwong children have been known for their uniqueness. In comparison with Code and Winongo children, Gajahwong children tend to be more aggressive. They do not hesitate to ask volunteers to pick them up before class begins, they ask volunteers to wait on them while they take a shower and other kinds of actions of seeking attention. There was also a child with special needs in which volunteers need to give extra attention. 

With the majority of boys within the class, an act of bullying happened toward the special-needs child. Besides, when the team was in collaboration with Association Internationale des Etudiantsen Sciences Economiques et Commerciales in Universitas Gadjah Mada, they found these children were very difficult to condition. Once ever an exchange participant from Egypt asked a group of boys basic information of themselves, the boys replied roughly speaking. 

In order to address those issues, it is significant for a teaching-learning assessor along with the volunteers as a unit of the team, to understand how important character-building on children. So, what is the nature of character-building? According to Yudi Latif (2009) character building explains various aspects of teaching and learning for personal development, including moral reasoning, social and emotional learning, conflict resolution and moral-ethical philosophy. Volunteers as the teaching-facilitators should have a strategic role in realizing the character of children. The facilitators, as central figures, are of course required to be able to portray good characters so that they can be role models for children. The behavior that children pay attention to by the time is on how facilitators look, how facilitators talk, how facilitators behave, facilitators attitude to knowledge as well as their commitment to what they say. If the facilitators could play it well, it will affect the children. Thus, children will grow into individuals who have good characters.

There is a Javanese philosophy called Andhapasor (humility) where its significance is to be humble and never segregate between people according to race, culture, religion, ethnicity, and so on.

This type of character-building must be implemented toward children. The value should be upheld responding to what happened in class. Facilitators should not only prohibit children from doing bullying but also expected to have the capability to explain more to children why bullying is bad, why is it important to respectsomeone who is different from us.

As an attempt to manifest the implementation of character-building towards children, Gajahwong’s team comprised of the teaching-learning assessor and the volunteers have tried the utmost best during this time – recalling that acts of bully, discrimination, inappropriate words, oftentimes to happen. Gradually the children begin to realize which of their behaviors are bad for others, and which ones are good for others. Change occurs by degrees. That change is something that the team wishes to achieve from the very first place because they do not want to merely spend time to teach children onsite for granted, but also leave positive impact on children’s selfhood.

Source :

  • Raharjo, S. B. (2010). Pendidikan Karakter Sebagai Upaya Menciptakan Akhlak Mulia. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Vol 16, No 3, Sekretariat Balitbang Kemdiknas.
  • Ferdiawan, E., & Putra, W. E. (2013). Esq Education for Children Character Building based on Phylosophy of Javaness in Indonesia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 106,1096-1102.
  • Kidshelpline. (n.d). All about respect. Retrieved on October 19, 2019 from https://kidshelpline.com.au/teens/issues/all-about-respect

Basic Principle to Understand Why Oral Health Education is Important For the Children

Written by Sekar Ningtyas Kinasih, Content Writer
Project Child Indonesia


The children who suffered in oral health problems tend to have- doubled-susceptibility in facing the crisis of self-confidence, hard in socializing, even at worse-they tend to avoid smiling and laughing compared to other kids that owned better healthy teeth and mouth.

The condition towards people’s teeth and mouth health care circumstantially counted as a significant indicator of the overall health within the human body. This fact has brought up by a realization in the existence of the teeth itself – that is functionally working as a first-entry-point of foods before passing to the digestive system for nutrient absorption. Even though people understand that the role of teeth is not simple, unfortunately, the level of awareness amongst Indonesian for taking care of their oral health is really poor. Not surprised, this situation sums up to the current major teeth diseases such as cavities (caries), a buildup of coral teeth, abscesses (swollen gums)– even at worse, some recent studies show that the infections on gums could lead to heart disease. 

Adopting from the result of Basic Health Research of 2018, Indonesia has claimed as one of the countries with the percentage of 57,6 out of the total populations with the highest prevalence of dental and oral health problems. The worse case reveals that 93 percent nominal of cavities sufferers are dominated by kids — where it possibly bring to broader consequences which affecting to academic potential and self-confidence of children as future provisions. This phenomenon intensively become matters for every party in our country; as such it’s become the foremost reason of “Indonesia Free from Caries 2030” establishment– generated by the Indonesian Minister of Health that fully supported by Indonesian Dentist Association (PDGI) through carry out the socialization of the importance of children’s oral health to various schools, provide mass fluoride administration and the closure of molar teeth which oftentimes prone to caries.

“The percentage of children in Indonesia who experience a toothache in 2018 is 64 percent, whereas 41 percent of them confessed if the intensity of the pain has reached to be moderate to heavy levels. This issue might be a major impact on the children to deal with lots of difficulty at school, both cases of academic and socialization”, said one of the dentist, Dr. Ratu Mirah is as well known as a Division Head for Health & Wellbeing and Professional Institutions of the Unilever Indonesia Foundation.

Unwittingly, the disruption of children’s oral health has become a serious challenge that we should not be underestimated. The circumstance of what they feel about the aches is affecting the lower productivity at school, minimize the capacity in taking the lessons and loss of appetite which could affect incomplete nutrition of the children’s growth. Not to mention, it’s often because of the lack of preventive actions from parents that most of the time they take the children to see a dentist when problems arise — not by doing the check-up routines for once in every 6 months. Hence, the concern towards education about oral health to the children needs to be prioritized since it’s become a basic principle to build up children’s confidence in interpersonal experience when socializing and exploring various things that can be valuable for their future.

Poor knowledge of Indonesian regarding dental health requires roles from numerous parties — not just depends on active facilitator such as Puskesmas; but as well as from the guidance of UKS (Unit Kesehatan Sekolah), local governments and the involvement of non-government organizations that commonly get attached into the remote areas. This awareness leads to Project Child Indonesia initiation to take action as a form of support to the Indonesia Free from Caries 2030 program by establishing a free dental check-up that held on 7 August 2019 at one of PCI’s SS programs; Sungai Gajah Wong. The activity purposely targeted to the residents around the river; both parents and children, where each individual got the opportunity to have a live consultation with our collaborator from Opal Dental Clinic’s experts (doctors).

During the consultation period, the results revealed that there were about 20 people (children and adults) who possessed similar diseases such as cavities or the emergence of caries, imperfect teeth growth, coral’s build-up and the condition of spaced teeth. Therefore, Project Child Indonesia hopes this action could be a starter point for every individual in upgrading their awareness to get to know about why oral health education is necessary, as it becomes a basic line for the parents to make a new form the children’s habit of brushing teeth twice a day– reducing particular consumptions that possibly trigger to the caries growth such as eating too much sweetness or drinking of any kind beverages that contain high sugar level– while frequently to take lots of drinking water and gurgle more instead.


Sources:

Besuch von SMSG: Zusammenarbeit ist der Schlüssel zur Bildungsbewegung

Semua Murid Semua Guru (SMSG) ist eine Bildungsorganisation, die sich auf Zusammenarbeit konzentriert und an sie glaubt. Die Gründerin von SMSG, Najeela Shihab, ist Pädagogin und Aktivistin für Bildung. Die Organisation konzentriert sich darauf zu zeigen, wie die Zusammenarbeit zwischen unabhängigen Gemeinschaften und Organisationen mehr Einfluss hat, als wenn die Gemeinschaften und Organisationen allein arbeiten würden. Gemeinsam können die Gemeinschaften eine größere Wirkung erzielen und ein besseres Netzwerk untereinander aufbauen.

Project Child Indonesien (PCI) gilt als eine der NGOs, die die Kollaborationsbewegung bereits in ihren Programmen etabliert haben. Insbesondere das Program “Sekolah Sungai”, das am längsten etablierte Programm in PCI. Es gibt eine Vielzahl von Kooperationen zwischen den Beteiligten: Gemeindemitglieder, Studenten, Freiwillige, nachhaltige Finanzierung und Beteiligung von Freiwilligen im Ausland.

Während der Besichtigung waren etwa 28 Schüler von “Sekolah Sungai” anwesend. Die Mitbegründerin von PCI, Surayah Ryha, und die Gründerin von SMSG, Najeela Shihab, diskutierten über die Bedeutung der Entwicklung von alternativer Bildung. Es gibt viele Gemeinschaften, die bereits an Bildungsbewegungen arbeiten, um die Agenda der Regierung zur Reform der Bildung zu unterstützen. Diese Organisationen, wie z.B. PCI, sind bereits in diese Bildungsbewegung eingebunden und entwickeln seit einiger Zeit nachhaltige Programme. Diese Bewegung ist etwas, das unter Bildungsaktivisten geteilt werden muss. Darüber hinaus waren die Vertreter von Medien aus ganz Indonesien vertreten, die sehr daran interessiert waren, die gute Nachricht zu verbreiten.

Nach diesem Besuch hat PCI die Möglichkeit, sich über die Ideen alternativer Bildung unter anderem mit der Gemeinschaft im Green Host Hotel auszutauschen und das Netzwerk zu erweitern, indem sie an der von SMSG initiierten Networking-Session teilnehmen. Der Besuch sollte einen Einblick in die Arbeit von PCI geben um in Zukunft eine Kooperationen zwischen SMSG und anderen Communities zu ermöglichen. Die Entwicklung der Gemeinde ist eine der möglichen Kooperationen der Gemeindemitglieder rund um die Standorte von “Sekolah Sungai”.

Mit Sicherheit wird es noch weitere positive Ergebnisse aus den Networking-Sitzungen mit SMSG und den Netzwerken innerhalb von SMSG geben. Mehr gute Nachrichten über alternative Bildungsbewegungen in Indonesien beispielsweise, um die Idee des Freiwilligendienstes und eine mögliche Zusammenarbeit mit mehr Gemeinschaften unter derselben Bewegung zu fördern. Vor allem aber der Aufbau besserer Netzwerke mit SMSG, Medien und anderen Communities innerhalb des SMSG-Netzes.